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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pectoralis Major
Adducts, flexes, medially rotates arm
Pectoralis Minor
Protract, depress, medially rotate scapula
Subclavius
Protract and depress clavicle
Serratus Anterior
Protract and rotate the scapula
Trapezius
Retract and rotate scapula, tilt head back, upper portions elevate scapula, lower portion can depress scapula
Rhomboid Major
Retract and rotate the scapula
Rhomboid Minor
Retract and rotate the scapula
Levator Scapulae
Elevate and rotate of scapula
Latissimus Dorsi
Extend, medially rotate, and adduct arm at shoulder
Deltoid
Abduct arm; anterior fibers flex the arm, posterior fibers extend the arm
Teres Major
Medially rotates and adducts arm at shoulder
Teres Minor
Lateral rotation of arm at shoulder
Subscapularis
Medially rotate and adduct arm at shoulder
Supraspinatus
Abduct arm at shoulder
Infraspinatus
Lateral rotation of arm at shoulder
Long Head of Biceps
Flex forearm at elbow, supinate forearm, and flex arm at shoulder
Short head of biceps
Flex forearm at elbow, supinate forearm, and flex arm at shoulder
Coracobrachialis
Flex arm at shoulder
Brachialis
Flex forearm at elbow
Lateral Head of Triceps
Extend forearm at elbow
Long Head of Triceps
Extend forearm at elbow
Medial Head of Triceps
Extend forearm at elbow
Brachioradialis
Flexes forearm at elbow
Anconeus
Extend forearm at elbow
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus and Brevis
Extend and abduct hand at wrist
Extensor Digitorum
Extends digits 2-5 at all joints
Extensor Digiti Minimi
Extends digit 5 at all joints
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Extends and adducts hand at wrist
Abductor Pollicis Longus
Abduct and extend first digit (thumb) at CMC joint
Extensor Pollicis Brevis
Extend thumb at CMC and MCP joints
Extensor Pollicis Longus
Extends thumb at CMC, MCP and IP joints
Extensor Indicis
Extends index finger at all joints
Supinator
Supinates forearm
Pronator Teres
Pronate forearm
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Flex and abduct hand at wrist
Palmaris Longus
Flex hand at wrist, tenses palmar aponeurosis
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Flex and adduct hand at wrist
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
Flexes all joints from wrist to middle phalanges of digits 2-5
Flexor Pollicis Longus
Flex all 3 joints of thumb
Flexor Digitorum Profundus
Flex hand at wrist, flex all joints digits 2-5
Pronator Quadratus
Pronates forearm
Abductor Pollicis Brevis
Abduct thumb
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Flex thumb at CMC and MCP joints
Opponens Pollicis
Rotate thumb into opposition with digit 5
Adductor Pollicis
Adduct thumb
Abductor Digiti Minimi
Abduct digit 5
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis
Flex digit 5 at MCP
Opponens Digiti Minimi
Rotate digit 5 into opposition with thumb
Lumbricals of the hand
Flex digits 2-5 at MCP joints, extend digits 2-5 at IP joints
Dorsal interossei of hand (4)
Abduct digits 2-4; assist lumbrical actions
Palmar interossei (3)
Adduct digits 2,4, and 5; assist lumbrical actions
External Intercostals
Elevate ribs during inspiration
Internal Intercostals
Draw ribs downward during forced expiration
Transversus Thoracis
Draw ribs downward
Quadratus Lumborum
Lateral flexion of spinal column at lumbar vertebrae
Psoas Major
Flexes thigh at hip
Psoas Minor
Flexes thigh at hip
Iliacus
Flexor thigh at hip
Rectus Abdominis
Flex vertebral column and compress abdomen; stabilizes pelvis
External Oblique
Compress abdomen; both sides flex vertebral column, one side (unilateral contraction) rotates vertebral column to opposite side
Internal Oblique
Compress abdomen; both sides flex vertebral column, unilateral contraction rotates vertebral column to same side
Transverse Abdominus
Compress abdomen
Rectus Femoris (Part of Quadriceps Femoris)
Extend leg at knee and flex thigh at hip
Vastus Lateralis (Part of Quadriceps Femoris)
Extend leg at knee
Vastus Medialis (Part of Quadriceps Femoris)
Extend leg at knee
Vastus Intermedius (Part of Quadriceps Femoris)
Extend leg at knee
Sartorius
Laterally rotate and flex thigh at hip, flex leg at knee
Pectineus
Flex, adduct thigh at hip
Adductor Longus
Flex, adduct thigh at hip
Adductor Brevis
Flex, adduct thigh at hip
Adductor Magnus
Upper: Adduct, flex thigh at hip Lower: Adduct, extend thigh at hip
Gracilis
Adduct thigh at hip, flexes leg at knee
Gluteus Maximus
Extend and laterally rotate thigh at hip
Gluteus Medius and Gluteus Minimus
Abduct thigh at hip; Anterior: Flex and medially rotate thigh Posterior: Extend and laterally rotate thigh
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Flex, abduct thigh at hip
Piriformis
Lateral rotators of thigh at hip
Superior Gemellus
Lateral rotators of thigh at hip
Inferior Gemellus
Lateral rotators of thigh at hip
Obturator Internus
Lateral rotators of thigh at hip
Quadratus Femoris
Lateral rotators of thigh at hip
Obturator Externus
Lateral rotators of thigh at hip
Biceps Femoris
Flex leg at knee, extend thigh at hip
Semimembranosus
Flex leg at knee, extend thigh at hip
Semitendinosus
Flex leg at knee, extend thigh at hip
Tibialis Anterior
Dorsiflex and invert foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Dorsiflex and evert foot, extend toes 2-5
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Dorsiflex and invert foot, extend great toe
Peroneus Tertius (Lower fibers of ext. dig. longus)
Dorsiflex and evert foot
Peroneus Longus
Plantarflex and evert foot
Peroneus Brevis
Plantarflex and evert foot
Gastrocnemius
Plantar flex foot (powerful) and flex leg at knee
Soleus
Plantarflex foot
Plantaris
Planterflex foot and flex leg (small contribution for both)
Popliteus
Flex and medially rotate leg at knee
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Flex toes 2-5, plantarflex foot
Flexor Hallucis Longus
Flex big toe, plantarflex
Tibialis Posterior
Plantar flex and invert foot
Platysma
Draw corners of mouth inferiorly; tense skin of inferior face and neck (grimace)
Sternocleidomastoid
Unilateral contraction – tip head toward shoulder while turning head to opposite side; Bilateral contraction – flex cervical vertebrae (chin toward chest)
Sternohyoid
Depress hyoid
Thyrohyoid
Depress hyoid, elevate larynx
Sternothyroid
Depress thyroid cartilage
Digastric
Raise hyoid and base of tongue; depress mandible
Mylohyoid
Elevate hyoid and base of tongue; depress mandible
Geniohyoid
Elevate hyoid and base of tongue
Omohyoid
Depress, retract, and steady hyoid
Stylohyoid
Elevate and retract hyoid, elongating floor of mouth
Masseter
Raise and protract mandible
Buccinator
Compress cheek against molar teeth