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25 Cards in this Set

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Troubadors
south france. Aristocracy. sang of courtly love. "Langue d'oc". Influenced by the Hispani-Morish Coultures. height of activity 1140-1220. Surviving works: 2600 poems, 260 melodies.
Trouveres
north france. aristocracy. sang of courtly love. "langue d'oil" influenced by troubadours. Height of activity: 13th cent. SURVIVING WORKS: 2130 poems, 1400 melodies.
Goliard Songs
11th, 12th cent. songs sung by wondering scholars who served as messengers of news.
what's the difference between high and low styles?
High- more sophesticated text. LOW- more mundane aspects of courtly love.
Minnesingers
poet-composers. Upper class. 12th cent-beg. of 14th. Sang songs of love "minne" OFTEN ABSTRACT WITH RELIGIOUS IDEALS. TEXTS OFTEN FALL INTO TRIPLE METER.
meistersingers
carried on tradition of minnesingers, but transferred to growing merchant class.
cantigas
monophonic songs of spanish heritage. CANTIGAS DE SANTA MARIA; 400 songs copiled by king alfonso X.
sephardic song
traditional wedding song of sephardic jews. in Ladino- 15th cent. spanish.
how were instruments classified? and what names were given to the classifications?
loud (haut) and soft (bas)
Lyre
greek. free string. 10-12 strings.
harp
anglo-irish roots. gut or wire free strings.
psaltery
dulcemer "pig snout"
Lute
fretted. Gut strung
Gittern/Citole?cittern
wire strung, smaller brighter sound.
Vielle
Fiddle. 4-5 strings. Flat bridge... drone string.
Rebec
3 string. solid body. Good for playing single lines. used as a dance instrument.
flute
6 holes. overblown octave
recorder
fipple flute. 7 holes. (octave hole)
shawm
double reed (oboe)
positive
large church/chamber instrumet
perminant
portative
single player organ. hand bellows
Guillaume de Machaut
1300-1377.(ars nova) Intellectual/political elite. wrote a great number of pieces. "AMATUER MUSICIANS" His mass was his largest work. and only liturgical work.

4voices. mix of styles: Isorhytmic, and "conductus"

find more...
ARS SUBLITOIOR
RE-READ!
Pomerium artis musicae mensuratae
1319-26. as polyphony became more complex, rhythmic notation needed to keep up.
Squarcialupi codex
"greatest hits" compiled in 1420. 354 pieces.