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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rulers who subordinated theological doctrine to political unity, urging tolerance, moderation, and compromise, even indifference. most successful was Elizabeth I of England
French Protestants derived from Besancon Hugues, the leader of Geneva's political revolt against the House of Savoy which had been a prelude to its Calv Reformation. majority in only two regions but had at least 2k congregations, held important geographic areas and 2/5 of aristocracy. hesitated to help Catherine
Edict of Fontainebleau
subjected French Protestants to the Inquisition
wars that ended with the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis which gave europe a moment of peace
Philip II
the son of Charles V and heir to the Spanish Habsburg lands. celebrated after St. Barts massacre. didn't have to worry about subduing France
Henry II
established new measurs agaisnt Protestants in and Edict in 1551mortally wounded when a lance pierced his visor which brought Francis II to the throne
Henry IV
wasn't a staunch foe of the Protestants
dominant dynasty in France. always militant, reactionary Catholicism
Mary Stuart Queen of Scots
eighteen year old widow of Francis II
a family with strong Huguenot sympathies largley for political reasons
prince of Conde and Gaspard de Coligny
political leaders of the French Protestant resistance
Catherine de Medicis
after Francis II's death became regent for her son Charles IX. tried to reconcile Cath and Prot factions at Poisy fearing Guise power. forced to coop with Guises. always sought to balance sides. wanted cath france but feared guise monarchy. for fear of Spain conspired to assassinate Coligny. had helped Guise assassinate Coligny but failed, so convinced king to do Massacre
Saint Germain en Laye
after Guise duke assassinated and Coligny's better military strategy they got peace. crown acknowledged power of the prot nobility, granted Hug religious freedoms in their territoires and right to fort cities. led to Bourbon prot dominance.
Ottoman win over Spain sobered Catherine de Medicis and her advisers
St. Batholomew's Day Massacre
massacred prots by Charles and cuz Henry IV a prot had just inceased prot power. butchered them in paris, then successive butchers over europe. made Calvs appreciate need for an active defense
John Knox
laid groundwork for later Calvinist resistance. declared removal of a heathen tyrant was a Christian duty. with Catholic queen in mind
Henry III
sought to steer a middle course and was a politque. gave nearly complete religiousand civil freedom to Hugs. Cath League forced him to stop so things went back to conflicts. tried to rout league with a surprise attack but had to flee. forced him into guerilla tactis. had Guise cardinal and duke assassinated
Henry IV
led prots as legal heir to throne became king after Henry III was killed by an enraged Dominican friar. came to throne as politique and was widely liked. assassinated by fanatic cath
The Edict of Nantes
issued by Henry IV procalimed a formal religious settlent. only made a long cold war. revoked by louis XIV
Cardinal Richelieu
in pursuit of political and religious unity would revoke edict of nantes
Phillip II
had most immense military and land.