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30 Cards in this Set

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Baroque
Moneteverdi
Baroque
Vivaldi
Baroque
Handel
Baroque
Bach
Medieval
Gregorian Chant
Medieval
Guido of Arezzo
Renaissance
William Byrd
Renaissance
Giovanni da Palestrina
Madrigal
a piece for at least 3 voices
Secular
Renaissance
Motet
Sacred
Renaissance
Unaccompanied choral composition
Bach
wrote for church once a week
Vivaldi
Four Seasons
Handel
Messiah
Scarlottie
Invented the Harpsichord
Bartolommeo Cristofori
Invented the Piano
Clavichord
could play with expression but not loud enough
Piano
Needed in order to play with more expression and dynamics
Harpsichord
Plucked by a Plectra
Organ
Air pumped through its Pipes
Idiophone
The instrument itself produces the sound
Membranophone
a membrane is which is placed on the instrument produces the sound
Fugues
Cantatas
Oratorios
Operas
Major Genres of the Baroque Period
Fundamental
The specific pitch of an entire string vibrating
Overtones/Partials
The discrete secondary pitches produced from the string
1st Overtone
an octave about the fundamental (2:1)
2nd Overtone
the interval a fifth above the fundamental (2:3)
3rd Overtone
the interval a fourth above the fundamental
4th & 5th
the Perfect Intervals
Flute
Piccolo
Oboe
Clarinet
Wood Winds
Trombone
Trumpet
Horns
Tuba
Brass