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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Woodwind
Oboe, clarinet, saxophone, flute,bassoon,
Brass
Trombone, French horn, trumpet,
String
Violin, viola, cello
Keyboard
harpsichor, piano
Plucked strings
lute, guitar
The movement of music through time and the aspect of time in music is called
Rhythm
A regular recurring time unit that represents the pulsation of the music is called
beat
In triple meter, the strongest pulse occurs on
the first beat of a three beat pattern
The shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called
syncopation
A complete musical idea or section within a larger melodic line is called
phrase
The first note of a scale is what?
Is heard as the strongest pitch,serves as a keynote around which others revolve, is called the tonic and forms the key.
What term describes a combination of tones that sound at rest, resolved and in agreement?
consonant
A combination of tones that sound tense, unstable and in need of resolution is called
dissonance
The aspect of music that reveals the relationship of the musical lines and how the blend to create the musical fabric is called
texture
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its
tempo
In what language are tempo markings generally given?
Italian
Accelerando, is a term indicating that the speed of the music is
getting faster
The degree of loudness or softness at which music is played is called
dynamics
The term timbre refers to?
the color of a tone
Which of the follwing markings is the softest?
a pianissimo
The standard ranges of the human voice from top to bottom are
soprano,alto, tenor, bass
Woodwind instruments are so called because?
They were all at one time made of wood
The highness or lowness of a sound is determined by
the speed at which an object is vibrating
Which of the following is true?
all tunes are melodies
A melodic pattern of pitches repeated at a different pitch level is called a
sequence
Another word for polyphony is
counterpoint
Individual movements of music are often referred to by their
tempo
The two modes or scales that have survived through out the ages and are used for composing most music from 1600-1900 are
major and minor scales
A meter with some aspects of duple in the foreground and at the same time a triple in the back ground would be an example of
compound meter
The mechanical device that measures the number of beats per minute is known as a
metronome
an accent is
an emphasis given to a particular sound
A gradual slowing in a musical passage is known as
a ritard
One single melody played or sung without accompaniment is said to be in what texture?
monophonic texture
A melody with other supporting sounds markedly subsidiary is in what texture?
homophonic texture
In imitative counterpoint the voices do what?
copy each other at different times
The form that is diagramed ABA, and contains a departure and then a return of the first section is called
ternary form
The form that is diagramed ABACADA, and contains a periodic return of a central theme is called
rendo form
Tempo refers to the speed of a piece of music
T
Harmony is the successive sound of individual pitches
F (harmony is the simultaneous sound of two or more pitches)
Consonant harmonies are more stable than dissonant harmonies
T
Largo-very slow
adagio-slow
piano-soft
fast-allegro
smderately slow, (at a walking pace)-andante
pp-verysoft
mf-medium loud
very fast-presto
f-loud
fortissimo(ff)-very loud
Nearly a thousand years of European history are spanned by the phrase Middle Ages
t
Monks in monasteries held a virtual monopoly on learning during the Middle Ages
t
Music manuscripts duing the Middle Ages indicate the most medieval music was instrumental
f, it was vocal
Gregorian chant melodies tend to move by leaps over a wide raged of pitches
f, Gregorian chant has a narrow range and is in conjunct motion
Organum is a term applied to medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and an additional melodic line
t
During the Renaissance, educated people were often trained in music, literature, theatre, and art.
t
Texture of Renaissance music is primarily homophonic
f: texture in Renaissance music was primarily polyphonic( ie. Mass and Madrigal).
Much of the instrumental dance music composed during the Renaissance was intended for church use
F. instrumental music was performed outside the church or after a religious service
Troubadours were Medieval poets and musicians
t
The 1400's witnessed a decreased focus on secular music.
f : the 1400's was teh beginning of the Renaissance and there was an increase in secular music
Gregorian chant is homohonic in texture
f: it is monophonic
The Renaissance saw the growth of solo instrumental music, especiallly for lute.
t
The text of a madrigal is religious and the textureis homophonic
f: the text of a madrigal is non-religious and the texture is polyphonic
the Renaissance madrigal was highly expressive through such devices as word painting
t
The Renaissance Mass was a one movement work for voices and instruments.
f: The Renaissance mass is a five movement work, Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnes Dei
The invention of the printing press in Western Europe was a Renaissance development
t
Organum was freely composed and had no pre-conceived or pre determined basis
f: Organum was built around Gregorian chant but also had an added embellished part.
The earliest type of polyphonic compositions, dating from around 900 A.D. , are called
Organum
The few surviving medieval dances and the music that accompanied them are called
Estampies
Hildegard of Bingen is known as
a nun, church composer, natural historian and poet
Who is traditionally associated with collecting and codifying the chants of the church?
Pope Gregory
Single line melodies sung in unison from the early Christian Church are known as
Gregorian Chant
Which is not true of Gregorianchant
a. It is monophonic in texture
b. It is accompanied with harmony
C. it is generally non-metric
d. It is generally in conjunct motion
b
Medieval entertainers who played instruments, danced and performed tricks were most likely to perform and play lwhich genre of the follwing?
an estampie
Wandering poets, singers and songwriters from southern France were known as
troubadours
Music during the Medieval period music underwent a change; developments in rhythm, meter, counterpoint and harmony took place. this became known as
the High Middle Ages or the Ars Nova
The fretted string instrument similar to the guitar but with a pear-shape and extremely popular during the Renaissances was the
lute
In the Renaissance mass, melodies move from voice to voice imitating each other, this texture is known as
imitative polyphony
A vocal work without instrumental accompaniement is said to be performed
a cappella
the expressive device used by Renaissance composers to musically pictorialize words from a sung text is called
word painting
Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther
What was the primary vocal genre of secular music in the Renaissance?
The madrigal
Which work best illutrates the technique of word painting?
Thomas Weelkes Madrigal: "As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending Descending"
The polyphonic technique found in Medieval Motets, in which the melodies change while the rhythms are repeated is called
isorhythm
What was the most widespread of the Renaissance instrumental genres?
dance music
The pavance and galliard were
a pair of Renaissance dances in the contrasting suple and triple meter.
Which work was written by Bernard deVentadorn?
Troubadour song "La dousa votz"
Which work was written by Hildegard of Bingen?
Plainchant "Columba aspexit"
Which work was written by Guillaume de Machaut?
Motet"Quant en moy"
Which work was written by Leonin or Perotin?
Organum "Alleluia"
Which work was written by Josquin Desprez or Giovanni Palestrina?
Mass "Pange Lingua"
Which work was written by John Dowland?
Lute solo "Fantasia No. 7"