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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Explain the process of identifying training requirements for Naval personnel.
The Navy determines training req from the fleet's need for people with particular skills. If the "trained" personnel inventory does not have enough people a formal course will be provided
State the purpose of the Navy Training System.
To ensure a systematic approach for determining what to train and how best to accomplish training
What is the most essential, single link in the training chain?
instructor
State and discuss the three qualities of an efficient and effective instructor.
knowledge, ability, personality

KAP
knowledge-knowing not just the subject material but techniques and methods to instruct.
ability-should have instructional and leadership ability
personality-approach your job with honesty, enthusiasm, and genuine dedication.
Discuss the Instructor's responsibilities in terms of responsibility to students.
Beware of outside influences of students. Help them to resolve conflicts that hinder training.
Discuss the Instructor's responsibilities in terms of responsibility to training safety.
Demonstrates proper safety procedures in addition to teaching them
Discuss the Instructor's responsibilities in terms of responsibility to security
Never say or do anything that will downplay the importance of the security of classified material
Discuss the Instructor's responsibilities in terms of responsibility to curriculum
Ensure course material is current and accurate
List and discuss the key principles to applying motivation theory in a training situation.
-interest
-values
-attitudes
-needs and drives
-incentives
-achievement
IVANIA
IVANIA
List and discuss the five techniques which can assist in developing motivational strategies for instruction.
-make the subject matter interesting
-establish goals
-provide informative feedback
-encourage participation
-show interest in your students
MEPES
State the ultimate goal of instruction
To cause students to remain motivated beyond the instructor's influence and apply what they have learned on the job
State the five different ways of learning
-trial and error
-imitation
-transfer
-association
-insight
TITAI
TITAI
Describe imitation
observing and then imitating others behavior
Describe trial and error
also known as discovery learning. It's learning by doing.
Describe association
comparison of past learning to a new learning situation.
Describe insight
"ah-ha" phenomenon. Understanding that the whole is more than the sum of the parts
Describe transfer
process of applying past learning to new but somewhat similar situations. Provide realistic exercises by using the same type of equipment students will use on the job
State the five laws of learning
-intensity
-primacy
-exercise
-effect
-readiness
IPEER
IPEER
-The law of intensity states that a vivid experience is learned better and retained longer.
-Based on the law of primacy, students retain information they learn for the first time longer than they retain information they must relearn.
-This law is based on the old maxim that practice makes perfect.
-effect,An individual learns best those things which result in satisfying consequences.
-According to the law of readiness students learn best when they are physically, mentally, and
emotionally ready to learn.
Discuss the single most important factor in a student's educational advancement.
Motivation, initiates behavior; directs it; and when derailed, can reduce or stop it
List the five learning senses
Sight, Hearing, Touch, Taste, Smell
Sight
Accounts for as much as 75% of our basic learning
Hearing
Significance of sight and sound is overwhelming. Speech pattern and volume are critical
Touch
Through experience we become sensitive to temperature, pressure and the overall feel of things
State and discuss the six common characteristics all student possess
-Belief in their maturity
-ability to evaluate
-desire to succeed
-fallibility
-high regard for a sense of fair play
-recognition
BADFHR
State and discuss the 4 basic learning styles
concrete, active, reflective, abstract
concrete learners prefer to watch and then imitate
active learners use a trial and error way of learning
reflective learners reflect and think about the different ways of operation then analyze their observations before attempting to operate
abstract learners prefer a theory based, analytical approach. They would find out the theory of operation before operating
List the percentages of information retained when one more learning styles is involved in the instructional process.
-abstract=20%
-abstract+reflective=50%
-abstract+reflective+concrete=70%
-abstract+reflective+concrete and active=90%
State the barriers to effective communications
-Lack of common core experience
-overuse of abstractions
-fear
-environmental factors
LOFE

Abstractions are ideas or words that are not directly related to the subject being
discussed.
State and discuss the purpose of the 3 step communication process
sending, receiving, feedback
Discuss why listening is one of the most important communication skills
active process of hearing and understanding
What five factors must be considered in planning instruction delivery?
-rate of speech
-articulation
-grammar
-inflection
-force
RAGIF
State and discuss the importance of body movement as an important part of successful communication.
Reinforces, emphasizes, and clarifies verbally expressed ideas.
State and discuss the four purposes of oral questioning.
-focuses attention on the sub. matter
-arouses interest in the sub. matter

drills students on subject matter
-Stimulates students to think

FADS
-
FADS
State and discuss the characteristics of a good oral question.
-level of instruction
-use of interrogative
-clarity of meaning
LUC
-level of instruction,Use words the students know and understand.
-interrogative,(1) The two sizes of firehose most frequently used in the Navy are what?Questions worded in this way handicaps the students in at least two ways. First, the students
are expecting a declarative statement, not a question. Second, they cannot identify the meaning
of the question until the final words are spoken.
-clarity of meaning, “Where are storm warnings flown aboard ship?’ is a good question; but “Where are storm
warnings flown?” fails to indicate what point is being tested.
Discuss the types of oral questions and their purposes.
-multiple answer
-yes/no
-factual
-interest arousing
-thought provoking
-leading
-canvassing
MYFITLC
MYFITLC
State the five steps of the five-step questioning technique.
Asking the question, pausing, call upon a student by name, evaluating students answer, emphasizing the correct answer
APPLE
APPLE
List five of the seven instructional methods.
-Lecture
-Lecture with audiovisuals
-Lesson
-Demonstration
-Discussion
-Role-playing
-Case study
LLLDDRC
State and discuss the 3 parts of a learning objective.
-behavior ex. perf. action verb, subject(trainee), object(Nalcomis.
-condition ex. ...in a damage control wet trainer or given a list of
-standard ex zero error or 40 words per minute
BCS
State and discuss the 3 learning domains.
-cognitive
-affective
-psychomotor
CAP
Explain the differences between course learning objectives and terminal objectives
later
Explain the differences between topic learning objectives and enabling objectives
CLO's reflect the skills required in a job. TO is what's expected from a student as the result of training

TLO's support the CLO's
EO's support TO's
Discuss the two methods of testing and their importance
-knowledge tests measure achievement of objectives
-performance tests measure skill acquisition
Explain the five learning levels a knowledge test item may test:
-comprehension
-application
-recognition
-recall
-analysis/evaluation
CARRA
CARRA
Discuss the different types of performance tests
process and product

process tests a procedure
product compares their result to a completed acceptable example
List and describe the primary materials used in presenting instruction
-lesson plans
-instruction sheets
-instructional media
LII
State the purposes of using instructional media materials
to increase student understanding, retention, interest, and motivation
Describe the two types of instructor evaluations.
scheduled and unscheduled or technique and technical
abstract=
20%
like to find the theory of operation before working on something
abstract+reflective=
50%
abstract+reflective+concrete=
70%
-abstract+reflective+concrete and active=
90%