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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sounds in words.
Allusion
A reference in literature to a familiar person, place, thing or event
Alphabet Principle
The recognition that phonemes are represented by letters and letter pairs.
Consonant blend
Two successive consonants where both sounds are heard
Decoding
Translating written language into verbal speech
Digraph
Two successive letters that make a single sound
Diphthong
Speech sound beginning with one vowel sound and moving to another vowel sound within the same syllable. Ex.: oy in boy
Encoding
Translating verbal speech into written language
Expository
Writing that is intended to make clear or to explain something
Figurative Language
Language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary or literal meaning of the words
Fluency
Automatic word recognition, rapid decoding, checking for meaning
Formal Assessment
A test or task using procedures that are carried out under controlled conditions
Homograph
Words spelled alike but are different in meaning and derivation or pronunciation ((verb: conduct, noun: conduct)
Homonym
Words spelled alike but different in meaning - same pronunciation
Homophone
Words pronounced alike but different in meaning or derivation and spelling (to, too, two)
Imaginative/Literary text
Fictional writing in story, dramatic or poetic form
Inference
conclusion drawn from facts
Informal Assessment
Observations and other non-standardized procedures such as running records
Literacy
The ability to read, write, speak, and understand words
Miscue
An oral reading response that differs from the text and may be analyzed to assess a students reading development
Onset
The part of a syllable that precedes the vowel. A consonant or consonant pair
Percentile
A score on a scale of 100 showing the percentage of a distribution that is equal to or below it
Phonemic Awareness
A specific type of phonological awareness involving the ability to distinguish separate phonemes in a spoken word
Phonological Awareness
The awareness that oral language is composed of smaller units, such as spoken words and syllables
phoneme
The smallest unit of speech sound that makes a difference in communication (fly has 3 phonemes: /f/-/l/-/i/
Phonics
The study of sounds. The understand that the sounds of speech can be represented by separate symbols.
Rime
The vowel and any consonant that follow it (in scotch the rime is otch)
Root word
A word to which prefixes and suffixes may be added to make other words
Rubric
Assessment tool for making scoring decisions; guidelines that distinguish products of different quality
Running Record
Written record of a student's oral reading in which a blank paper rather than a copy of the test is used in coding
Semantic
Related to meaning
Synonym
A word that has a meaning identical with or very similar to another word in the same language
Syntax
The way in which words are put together to form constructions such as phrases or sentences
Grammer
Base words
English words - will stand alone = free morphemes
Metacognition
reading to learn- having knowledge (cognition) and understanding, control over and appropriate use of that knowledge
scaffolding
The process in which a teacher provides help to a child then decreases the level of assistance as the child masters the skill or topic - Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
Grapheme
a letter or combination of letters in the written language which represents a meaningful sound (phoneme) in the spoken language
Syntax
the rules which govern the grammatical relationship between words and other units within a sentence
Grammar
Rules for syntax, inflection and word formation which govern how sentences are formed
Semantics
the study of linguistic meaning in a language, including words, phrases and sentences
Pragmatic (social and cultural system)
refers to the social and cultural aspects of usage, such as how language varies among different social classes, ethnic groups, and geographic areas