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14 Cards in this Set

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Oral
P.O.
30-60 minutes, most common,safest used route, tablets, capsules, liquids
Sublingal
Under tongue, takes several minutes, used when rapid is needed,,nitro tabs
buccal
in cheek, takes several minutes, convenient dosage form for some drugs can be used in unconscious pts, adrogenic drugs
rectal
P.R.
Reserved for certain pt like vomiting pts and not injectable like tylenol, 15-30 mins, laxatives,
transdermal
applied to skin, 30-60 min, convient dosage form, provides continuous absorption and systemic effects over extended periods of time, nitro, estrogen, morphine
subcutaneous
for drugs that are inactived in gastrointestianl tract, insulin, takes several minutes
Intramuscular
IM
several minutes, for drugs with poor absorption, when high blood levels are required,when rapid effect is desired. narcotics
intravenous
IV
within 1 minute, in emergency situation, and when large volumes are needed to be administered, iv fluids, nutirents, antibiotics
intraaterial
within one minute, for local efects within specific target organ, cancer drugs
intraathecal
several minutes, for local efects within the spine, spinal anestheisa.
inhalation
within 1 minutes, for local effects within respiratory tract, antiashimatics
topical
within 1 hour, for local effects, on skin and mucous membrane of eye, ear, nose, mouth
vaginal
15-30 minutes, for local effect, creams, foams, suppositories.
Parenteral
any route of administration other than oral route