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31 Cards in this Set

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Define antebellum
The period before the Civil War
Which treaty provided the withdraw of the Choctaw from the Natchez District?
The Treaty of Fort Adams
What was the Trail of Tears
The trek of Indians to West Oklahoma. Is known as the Trial of Tears because of the number of people who died along the way and said that they were forced to leave their land.
When did the state legislature first meet in the capital city of Jackson?
They met in December 1822
After 1832, how was each county governed?
After 1832, an elected board of police governed each county. They had 3 main powers 1.Taxes 2.Roads and Bridges 3.Supervise hotels and ferries
Which treaty ceded Chickasaw land in North Mississippi to the federal government?
The Treaty of Pontotoc Creek
What was the idea of assimilation?
In assimilation the government policy of encouraging Native Americans to rely more on agriculture instead of hunting in order to fit in better with settlers
What provisisons of the MS Constitution of 1832 showed the impact of Jacksonian democracy?
Judges were elected by the people for specific terms instead of being appointed for life. Most state offices also became elective. The tax-paying and property ownership requirement were eliminated, meaning that ll adult white men could vote and hold office.
In 1820, a treat was negotiated that gave the U.S 5 million acres including the land where Jackson would be located. Name this treaty and who negotiated it:
The Treaty of Dukes stand was negotiated by Andrew Jackson and Thomas Hinds
Who was Pushmataha?
Pushmataha was a Choctaw chief, and arranged treaties with the U.S Government
Who was Greenwood LeFlore?
He was Pushmataha's nephew and helped negotiate the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. He eventually owned fifteen thousand acres and four hundred slaves. Served in state legislature
Why did small farmers in MS want the capital to be moved from the town of Washington?
They believed that Washington was too small and too near the merchant and planter elite of Natchez. Moved from rich farmers in Natchez
In which treaty did the Choctaws give up the rest of their land and agree to move to Oklahoma?
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
By 1860, how many Choctaw Indians were left in Mississippi
About one thousand
When was the first capital built in Jackson?
In the 1840's a capital was built for the legislature and a mansion for the governor.
Who was the Shawnee Indian Chief that tried to resist the settlers?
Tecumsah tried to resist the settlers
How did slaves arrive in MS?
Early in the 18th century the French brought African slaves (Bienville) to Lousiana either directly from West Africa or by way of the Caribbean. At the time Louisiana included MS
How did MS law limit the activities of slaves?
in 1724 laws included: marriage, the ownsership of property, travel, and gathering of groups were all severely restricted, no school, voting , or court
When did slaves receive extra clothing?
Owners offered a variety of incentives for good work including work
when did slaves receive extra clothing
Owners offered a variety of incentives for good work, including clothing
What food did slaves eat?
Pork and corn were the most important parts of their diet. Fruits, vegetables, game and fish added to the basic meal.
What housing did owners provide for their slaves?
Log cabins without windows or floors were the housing for slaves on new plantations. As the plantations became better established new cottages with brick chimneys, windows, and wooden floors were built.
What kind of work did slaves do?
Production of cotton, cooked, cleaned house, tended the livestock, made clothes, and cared for children. Skilled slaves worked as black-smiths, carpenters, and brick masons.
What was family life like for slaves?
Strong bonds of affection linked husbands with wives and parents with children. The young and the old looked out for each other. Important but hard because they could be seperated.
What part did religion play in slaves' lives?
Slaves regarded Christianty as a path to freedom in this life and in the next hope.
Aside from revolts, how did slaves resist slavery?
Poisoning the owners and their families, they would run away, , slow down work,
Treaty of Fort Adams
Received- Almost three million acfres of land and the right to build the Natchez trace through Chickasaw territory. Indians - Several thousand dollars worht of merchandise and the promise that non-Indians would be removed from Indian land
Treaty of Mount Dexter
Received - Over four million acres of land in south Ms . Indians - Debts that Indians owed Indian traders and money for various Indian leaders were canceled
Treaty of Doaks Stand
Received - Five million of acres including the land where Jackson would be later located. Indians - Promised land west of MS but they rejected the land because it was not suitable.
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
Received - OVer ten million Acres. Indians - Move to Oklahoma and stay to register with the federal government
Treaty of Pontotoc Creek
Received - North MS to the federal government and rest of land., Indians - Moved West