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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Founder: None
-Probably Aryans
-Oldest religion
Hinduism
Origin:
-India
-3rd largest religion
-970 Million
Hinduism
Texts:
Vedas
Hinduism
Effects on society

-Ganges River is sacred
-temples
-ahimsa: nonviolence
-most do not eat meat
Hinduism
-Reincarnation
Kharma-action Dharma-duties
-polytheistifc
Hinduism
Effects society:
-caste system (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vasishyas, Sudras, Untouchables)dictated job, marriage,etc.
Hinduism
Founder: Siddharta Gautama
"the Enlightened One"
-566 B.C.
Buddhism
Origin: India
-missionaries & traders spread it to China, Japan &
South East Asia
360 million followers
Buddhism
Sects:
-Thereveda (elders)
-Mahayana (most people)
Buddhism
Text:
Tripitika
"Three Baskets of Wisdom"
Buddhism
Beliefs:
-Goal= reaching Nirvana and achieve union with universe (breaks birth/rebirth cycle)
-Four Noble Truths: all people suffer, end desire to end suffering
-Eightfold Path:how to end desire (right views, aspirations, speech, conduct, job, effort, mindfulness, thought)
-Reincarnation
karma-actions dharma-duty
Buddhism
Effects society:
-meditation
-reject caste system
-no priests or formal rituals
Buddhism
Founder: Jesus Christ

30 A.D.
Christianity
Origin:
Jerusalem area(Middle East)
-spread by Roman Empire
-#1 religion in the world

-2 billion followers
Christianity
Sects:

Catholic (no branches)

Protestant (many branches)
(Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Mennonite,etc.)
Christianity
Text: Holy Bible

Laws: Ten Commandments
Christianity
Beliefs:
-Monotheistic: one God
-Jesus (the messiah)is the son of God
-Blessed Trinity: Father (in heaven), son (human form of God), Holy Spirit (within the soul)
-Goal is etrnal life in heaven achieved through faith and salvation
Christianity
Effects on Society:
Church on Sunday,
Prayer, Bible studies, Holy Communion, Easter, Christmas, Saint Days
Christianity
Founder: Abraham

Prophet-Moses
Judaism
Origin: Middle East
1300 B.C.
Israel is homeland
Judaism
Text:
Torah

Laws-Ten Commandments
Judaism
Sects:
Orthodox (conservative)

Reform (liberal)
Judaism
Beliefs:
-Monotheistic: one God in only one form
-good behavior=heaven
-Still await a messiah (believe Jesus was only a prophet)
-Convenant: if fathiful, god would lead them to the "Promised Land" (Canaan)
-
Judaism
Effect on society:
-Synagogue on Saturday
-Kosher foods, no pork
-Passover, Yom Kippur, Hanukkah, Rosh Hashana
Judaism
Founder: Mohammed
622 AD
Islam
Origin:
Middle East (Saudi Arabia)

1.3 Billion
2nd largest religion
Islam
Sects:
Sunni
Shiite
Sufi
Islam
Text:
Quran (Koran)
Islam
Beliefs:
Monotheistic-one God
Five Pillars:
Faith (one god allah)
Pray (5x day facing Mecca)
Charity (Alms to the poor)
Fast (during Ramadan)
Hajj (Mecca once in lifetime)
Islam
Effet on society:
-worship in mosques
-angels
-Day of Judgement
-no icons
Islam