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38 Cards in this Set

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#1 What is a type of rock that forms as a result of heat and pressure but does not melt?
Metamorphic Rock
#2 How does an igneous rock with a coarse grained texture form?
When magma cools very slowly
#3 What are two ways that rock can be brought to the Earth's surface?
Uplift and the erosion of overlying rock
#4 What does the arrangement of minerals in a rock determine?
It's texture
#5 When sediment of rock is buried deep inside the Earth, what is it affected by?
Heat and pressure
#6 Why do the individual grains of sedimentary rock hold together?
Because they have been cemented.
#7 Name three processes that occur in the rock cycle.
Cooling, melting,heat and pressure, weathering and erosion
#8 Which type of rock can weather and wear away to form sediment?
sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous
#9 Define erosion.
Erosion is the weathering and wearing away of rock into sediment.
#10 Which type of rock forms near the Earth's surface without the influence of intense heat and pressure?
Sedimentary Rock
#11 List the correct order of steps in the sedimentary rock cycle.
Weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, and cementation
#12 What type of rock are fossils preserved in?
Sedimentary rock
#13 Where do most fossils come from?
Animals that lived in the oceans, in sedimentary rock
#14 What type of rock can change into metamorphic rock?
All three: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock
#15 What causes metamorphic change?
Heat and pressure
#16 Give an example of metamorphic rock.
Quartzite
#17 T or F Metamorphism melts rock.
False
#18 What type of rock is shale?
Sedimentary rock
#19 What do mineral crystals often form as a result of?
Heat and pressure
#20 What do the minerals in sedimentary rock depend on?
The place where the sediment was deposited
#21 Name three things that play a part in the processes that change rock from one form to another.
Water, gravity, wind
#22 How is sedimentary rock changed into metamorphic rock?
When it is heated and put under pressure
#23 How is igneous rock changed into sedimentary rock?
When it weathers and erodes
#24 Define rock.
Rock is a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals.
#25 Define rock cycle.
The rock cycle is the process by which one rock type changes into another.
#26 What is magma?
Magma is the hot liquid that forms when rock partially or completely melts.
#27 What rock is formed when magma cools beneath the Earth's surface?
Igneous Rock
#28 Define sedimentary rock.
Sedimentary rock forms when rocks are broken down into smaller pieces that harden into new rock.
#29 Define metamorphic rock.
Metamorphic rock forms when rock is heated or squeezed.
#30 Define grain.
Fragments of rocks or minerals that can make up rocks.
#31 Define uplift.
The process by which regions of the Earth's crust rise to higher elevations
#32 Define weathering.
Weathering is when water, ice, wind, and heat break down rocks.
#33 (Short Answer)
What physical properties are used to classify rocks?
Streak color, lustre, hardness, texture, layering
#34 (Short Answer)
If a rock is made of large particles with rough, jagged edges, was the sediment deposited close to or far from its source? How do you know?
Close to its source because the rock particles did not travel far enough to be broken into smaller smoother pieces
#35 Draw the rock cycle. (Short Answer)
Draw.
#36 Explain the difference between a mineral and a rock. (Short Answer)
Rocks are made of one or more minerals.
#37 Draw a concept map using the following terms: rocks, rock cycle, cooling, metamorphic, igneous, heat, pressure, melting, deposition, erosion, sedimentary.
Draw.
#38 Describe three forms of erosion. (Short Answer)
Rain and floods carry away rock particles. Wind lifts and carries away fine particles of dust and sand. Gravity causes mudflows and rock slides.