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37 Cards in this Set

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1. What type of mountain is the only one that is formed by adding new material?
Volcanic Mountain
2. Name the three types of mountains that are commonly formed by stress between tectonic plates.
Folded Mountains, Volcanic Mountains, and Fault-Block Mountains
3. Define folded mountain.
A type of mountain that forms when rock layers are squeezed together and pushed upward.
4. When two tectonic plates collide, what is the place called where they meet?
Convergent boundary
5. A deep valley forms at the boundary when one tectonic plate goes beneath another. What is this called?
A trench
6. The rim of the Pacific Ocean has so many volcanic mountains that it is called _________________________________.
The Ring of Fire
7. What features are common in youthful river channels?
Rapids
8. What is a depositional feature found at the coast?
Delta
9. What are caves a product of?
Erosion by groundwater
11. When do springs form?
When the water table reaches the Earth's surface
12. What formed the Grand Canyon?
Erosion
13. Draw the Water Cycle.
Draw
14. What are tributaries?
Smaller streams or rivers that flow into larger ones
15. What is an area that separates watersheds?
A divide
16. Define channel.
The path that a stream follows
17. What does a river system include?
The main stream and tributaries of a river.
18. What is a stream's load?
The materials carried in a stream's water
19. What is a dissolved load?
Dissolved materials in a stream's water, such as sodium and calcium.
20. What are the wide curves of a river called?
Meanders
24. Name a structure that is formed as a result of the deposition of sediment.
A flood plain
25. Name a structure that is formed by the process of erosion.
A waterfall
26. T or F A delta is formed by the process of erosion.
False
27. What direction do both groundwater and surface water flow?
Downslope toward lower elevation
28. What happens when the water table is as high as or higher than the Earth's surface?
A cave or a lake can form
29. Define erosion.
The removal and transport of surface material, such as rock and soil.
30. Define water cycle.
The continuous movement of water from water sources into the air, onto the land, into the ground, and back to the water sources.
31. What is a dripstone?
Water that drips from a crack in a cave's ceiling that leaves behind deposits of calcium carbonate, which are a type of limestone formation
32. What are steplike structures that form on both sides of a river valley because of rejuvenation?
Terraces
33. What is an alluvial fan?
Fan-shaped deposits that form on dry land
34. Draw the water cycle including energy gain and loss. (Short Answer)
Draw.
35. Describe the ways that youthful, mature, old and rejuvenated rivers shape the Earth's surface. (Short Answer)
Youthful rivers erode deep channels. Mature rivers erode wide channels. Old rivers deposit sediment in their channels and along their banks. Rejuvenated rivers form terraces in the river valley.
36. What is the source of the water in an aquifer? (Short Answer)
Surface water percolates down through the recharge zone to supply water to an aquifer.
37. What are some of the features formed by underground erosion and deposition? (Short Answer)
Caves form by ground-water erosion. Stalagmites, stalactites, and dripstone columns form by underground deposition.
38. What is the relationship between tributaries and rivers? (Short Answer)
Tributaries flow into rivers and supply rivers with water
22. How are an alluvial fan and a delta different?
An alluvial fan is deposited on dry ground and a delta is formed in the ocean
23. T or F A river forms a canyon when the river cuts deeply into a valley floor.
True
21. How are alluvial fans and deltas similar?
Their shape is the same (Fan-shaped)