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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Businessmen who promised to buy lots of stocks to help the economy early in the crash
Lamont and Morgan
Date of the Stock Market Crash
October 29, 1929
Longest, worst economic crisis in U.S. history
Great Depression
Amount of investors' money lost in banks
2.5 billion
Controlled flow of money into American banks
Federal Reserve
Money extended in return for a promise to pay later
Credit
obligation to pay something to another
debt
a general decline in prices
deflation
sharp or sustained decline in economic activity
depression
total value of final goods or services for a country in one year
Gross National Product (GNP)
a general rise in prices
inflation
outlay of money for income or profit
investment
type of economy in which individuals make decisions about production, etc.
market economy
loan contract used to finance home purchases
mortgage
the amount of good or services that money can buy
purchasing power
modern name for a depression, when the GNP declines for two consecutive quarters
recession
share of ownership in a company
stock
tax on imported goods
tariff
natural disaster that struck the country's midsection
Dust Bowl
author of Grapes of Wrath
John Steinbeck
Nickname for Dust Bowl victims that migrated to California
Okies
Authors of Middletown and the town where the book was based
Lynd; Muncie, Indiana
belief in the importance of the individual
Individualism
anyone who works hard can become a success
Horatio Alger myth
Author of How to Win Friends and Influence People
Carnegie
Author, artist of Let us Now Praise Famous Men
Agee, Evans
Photographer who captured the horrors of the Great Depression
Lange
"Life" photographer
Bourke-White
another writer... hmm...
Caldwell
Sacco-Vanzetti artist
Shahn
"This Land is Your Land"
Guthrie
Author of Native Son
Wright
Socialist party leader
Thomas
NYSE leader, later imprisoned
Whitney
big business supporter (head of a utilities company) who was arrested for fraud
Insull
radio entertainment shows (4 major ones)
Benny, Bergen & McCarthy, the North couple, "The Lone Ranger"
If you got this far, you're more than a third of the way!
If you got this far, you're more than a third of the way!
Young blond movie star
Shirley Temple
Two commodities that made the movies so popular
color and sound
case of white women and hobos against nine black boys, eight of which were sentenced to death but none of which were killed
Scottsboro case (Alabama)
Scottsboro boys' lawyer (International Labor Defense)
Leibowitz
Scottsboro boy who escaped his work gang
Patterson
court case that ended school segregation
Brown v. Board of Education
act that established the Farm Board, an agency to stabilize farm prices (Hoover)
Agricultural Marketing Act
tax that added protections against foreign competition, and angered Europe
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
Year the Austrian bank failed and a depression began in Europe
1931
government bank set up by Hoover that kinda failed
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Head of the RFC
Jesse Jones
group of veterans that marched on D.C. in 1932 demanding money promised them after the war
Bonus Expeditionary Force (Bonus Army)
General who stopped the Bonus Army's march
Douglass MacArthur
Location of the banking crisis shortly before Roosevelt's inauguration
Detriot, MI
Project that disributed water and energy across the Southwestern U.S., resulting in the Hoover Dam
Boulder Canyon Project
Famous blues singers (3 of 'em are listed in chapter 11)
Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday
Candidates in the 1932 election
Roosevelt: Democrat (NY governor)
Landon: Republican (boring KS guy)
Lemke: Union Party (ND)
program paying farmers to leave 1/4 of their land unused
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
1933
Project that created dams and hydroelectricity in Alabama and surrounding states
Tennessee Valley Authority
1933
law working toward a minimum wage and lowering work laws
Naitonal Industrial Recovery Act
1933
ex-cavalry guy, head of the NRA
Johnson
Secretary of the Interior and leader of the PWA
Ickes
board (?) that advertised the success of the NIRA
National Recovery Administration
1933
Program that provided construction jobs through pump priming
Public Works Administration
1933
Paying somebody to spend money, thus improving the economy
pump priming
law prohibiting commerical banks from buying stocks of financing corporations
Glass-Steagall Banking Act
1933
Insured banks up to $2500 per investor
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
1933
Board for financial market regulation that required companies to publish an annual report
Securities & Exchange Corporation
1934
Head of the SEC
Joseph Kennedy (JFK's father)
relief agency-helper founded by FDR
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
1933
Program providing jobs to the unemployed
Civil Works Administration
1933
Gave jobs to men ages 18-25, provided that they send some money back home, wherever home is
Civilian Conservation Corps
1933
group of big businesspeople who opposed the New Deal (mostly the Du Ponts)
American Liberty League
law that established moderate social security to be paid by employers and employees
Social Security Act
1935
Project that provided work to artist and writers (including the Federal Writers Project, Federal Art Projects)
Works Progress Administration
1935
Union based on specialization
American Federation of Labor
Union for unskilled workers, originally part of the AFL
Congress of Industrial Organizations
law regulating the unions
Wagner Act
1934
board that enforced union laws
National Labor Relations Board
1933
law that set a national minimum wage and limited hours that was NOT turned down by the Supreme Court
Fair Standards Act
1938
Trained students (black or white) to be able to get better jobs
National Youth Administration
1935
Provided bank loans to build and repair houses
Federal Housing Administration
1934
four-day bank "holiday" during which FDR closed all the banks in the country to root out the lousy ones
Emergency Banking Act
1933
program that acted much like the CCC, except for Indians
Indian Emergency Conservation Program
1933 (I think it's 1933)
A law passed to guarantee Natives at least a little land a right to work, etc.
Indian Reorganization Act
1934
program that helped Mexican Migrant workers by providing camps for them to use
Farm Security Administration
FDR's ridiculous notion that he could rearrange the Supreme Court to fit his New Deal
court-packing plan
Leader of the United Mine Workers and the CIO
Lewis
Louisiana senator nicknamed the "Kingfish"
Long
Leader of the FERA and WPA, friend of Eleanor Roosevelt's
Hopkins
Journalist hired by Hopkins to write about the lives of the victims of the Depression
Hickok
Early supporter of social security in the form of monthly payments to the elderly
Townsend
Popular radio speaker who attacked big business and sometimes Jews; founded the National Union for Social Justice
Fr. Coughlin
black woman involved in the CIO's United Laundry Workers Union
Macon
Chief Justice and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court who changed their minds about the New Deal
Evans Hughes, Roberts
postmaster general who correctly predicted a Democrat victory in every state but Maine and Vermont
Farley
British economist whose motto was something to the effect of, "the more you spend, the faster you recover"
Keynes
black educator who was very involved in the NYA
Bethune
commissioner of Indian Affairs
Collier
1st female in the presidential cabinet, secretary of labor; wanted protection for women, but not necessarily equality
Perkins