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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
New Jersey Plan
-three branches of government
-a 1 house legislature with each state having equal representation
ratification
official approval
The Great Compromise
-every state would have equal representation in the Senate
-each state would be represented by it population
Shays's Rebellion
a revolt of farmers in Western Massachusetts
Land Ordinance of 1785
set up a system for surveying and dividing the public territory
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory
Virginia Plan
-3 branches of government
-2 house legislature based on state population
Northwest Territory
the name for the area that is now Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Executive Branch
ensures that laws are carried out or enforced
Constitution
a set of basic principals or laws that state the powers and duties of government
Three Branches of Government
1. Legislative
2. Executive
3. Judicial
Tariffs
taxes on imports or exports
depression
a period of low economic activity combined with a rise in unemployment
Popular Sovereignty
the idea that political authority belongs to the people
Inflation
increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
Checks and Balances
a system that was created to prevent any branch of the government from becoming two powerful
Interstate Commerce
trade between two or more states
Constitutional Convention
12 of the 13 states sent representatives to discuss ways to improve the Articles of Confederation
creditors
people who lend money
Amendments
official changes, corrections, or additions to the Constitution
Suffrage
voting rights
Federalist Papers
-A group of widely read essays written my James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.
-These papers supported a new Constitution
Legislative
responsible for proposing and passing laws
Federalists
supporters of the Constitution
debtors
people who owe money
Articles of Confederation
1st constitution that was largely unsuccessful
Daniel Shays
Leader of the revolt in western Massachusetts
Three-Fifths Compromise
Each slave would be counted as 3/5 of a person when determining representation in congress
Federalism
sharing power between the states and the national government
George Mason
a famous anti-federalist who disliked the Constitution because it did not contain a Bill of Rights
Anti-federalists
the name given to those who opposed the Constitution
James Madison
Was one of the most important delegates at the Constitutional Convention. Many consider him the "father" of the Constitution.
Judicial Branch
responsible for interpreting laws, punishing criminals,and settling disputes between states