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151 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Addison’s
Autoimmune (2nd – infection)
AMI - children
Kawasaki disease
Aneurysm
Abdominal aorta
Aneurysm of Circle of Willis
Anterior communicating a.; bitemporal hemianopsia
AV fistula
Penetrating knife wound.
Blindness
Diabetic retinopathy
Blindness - preventable
Chlamydia
Breast Mass
Fibrocystic Change Carcinoma is the most common is post-menopausal women
Bug in Acute Endocarditis
Staph aureus
Bug in Bacterial Arthritis in young Adults
Neisseria ghonorrhea
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – elderly
Strep pneumoniae
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – newborns
E. coli
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers
Hib
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – young adults
Neisseria meningitidis
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt
Klebsiella
Bug in Epiglottitis
Hib
Bug in food poisoning
Staph aureus
Bug in GI Tract
Bacteroides 2. E. coli
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia
Staph aureus
Bug in opportunistic infection of AIDS
CMV Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall
Bug in PID
N. Gonnorrhoeae or Chlamydia
Bug in Pneumonia - Community - typical
Strep pneumoniae 2. H. influenza 3. Klebsiella
Bug in Pneumonia - Hospital aquired
Klebsiella 2. Psuedomonas 3. E. coli
Bug in Pneumonia - Community - atypical
Mycoplasma 2. Legionella
Bug in Subacute Endocarditis
Strep Viridans
Cancer - Leukemia - <14 yo
ALL
Cancer - Leukemia - >60 yo
CLL
Cancer - Leukemia - 15 -39 yo
AML
Cancer - Leukemia - 40 -60 yo
CML
Cancer in Gynecologic - malignancy
Endometrial Carcinoma
Cancer in Infancy
Hemangioma
Cancer in Kids
Leukemia 2. Medulloblastoma of brain, cerebellum
Cancer in Men
Prostate CA
Cancer in Women
Leiomyoma aka fibroids
Cancer in Women - malignant
Breast CA
Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla– adults
Pheochromocytoma
Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla– kids
Neuroblastoma
Cancer of the Appendix Carcinoid - rare
metastasis
Cancer of the Bone
Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Cancer of the Bone - primary - adults
Multiple Myeloma
Cancer of the Brain– Child
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Cancer of the Brain–Adult
Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Cancer of the Breast
Infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma
Cancer of the Connective Tissue -benign
Lipoma
Cancer of the Esophagus
Leiomyoma
Cancer of the Esophagus
SCCA
Cancer of the Esophagus - malignant
SCC (60%) > adenocarcinoma (40%)
Cancer of the Heart - adults
Metasteses
Cancer of the Heart - Primary– adults
Myxoma “Ball Valve”
Cancer of the Heart - Primary– kids
Rhabdomyoma
Cancer of the Liver
Metastasis; lung > GI
Cancer of the Liver - benign
Cavernous hemangioma
Cancer of the liver - Primary
Hepatocellular CA
Cancer of the liver - Primary, benign
Cavernous Hemangioma
Cancer of the Mouth
SCC or Mucoepidermoid CA
Cancer of the Mouth - upper lip
Basal Cell CA
Cancer of the Nasal cavities
SCC
Cancer of the Ovary - benign
Serous cystadenoma
Cancer of the Ovary - malignant
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Cancer of the Pancreas
Adeno (usually in the head)
Cancer of the Pituitary
Prolactinoma (2nd – Somatotropic “Acidophilic” Adenoma)
Cancer of the Placenta - benign
Cavernous hemangioma
Cancer of the Salivery Glands
Pleimorphic Adenoma
Cancer of the Skin
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Cancer of the Small Bowel Carcinoid - frequent
metastasis from ileum
Cancer of the Spleen - benign
Cavernous hemangioma
Cancer of the Stomach
Gastric Adenocarcinoma; intestinal type or diffuse type
Cancer of the Testicles
Seminoma
Cancer of the Thyroid
Papillary Carcinoma
Cancer that invades the Female GU tract
Endometrial Adenocarcinoma
Cancer; malignant lymphoma in kids
Burkitt's lymphoma
Cancer; Site of metastasis
Regional Lymph Nodes
Cancer; Site of metastasis (2nd most common)
Liver
Cancer;Genetic Alteration
p53
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy
Carpal bone dislocation
Lunate
Carpal bone fx
Scaphoid
Chromosomal disorder
Down’s
Cirrhosis
Alcohol
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
21-Hydroxylase Deficiency then, 11-
Congenital cardiac anomaly
VSD membranous > muscular
Congenital early cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital GI anomaly
Meckel's diverticulum
Coronary Artery thrombosis
LAD
Cushings
Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, primary ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)
Death in Alzheimer pts
Pneumonia
Death in Diabetics
MI
Death in HTN
AMI 2. lenticulostriate stroke 3. renal failure (benign nephrosclerosis)
Death in SLE pts.
Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)
Death in USA
Ischemic Heart Disease
Dementia
Alzheimer’s 2. Multi-Infarct Dementia
Demyelinating Disease Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Diarrhea - children
Rotavirus
Dietary Deficiency
Iron
Disk herniation
L4-L5
End-stage Renal Disease
Diabetes
Enzyme deficiency
21 hydroxylase - 95% of CAH
Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians
Cystic Fibrosis
Form of Amyloidosis
Immunologic Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain
Form of Tularemia
Ulceroglandular
GI obstruction
Adhesions 2. Indirect inguinal hernia
Glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy aka Berger's
Heart Murmur
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis
Mitral
Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis IV drug users
Tricuspid
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever
Mitral > Aortic
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder Von Willebrand’s Disease
Von Willebrand’s Disease
Hernia
Indirect
Hypercalcemia
hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism - Primary
Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Hyperparathyroidism - Secondary
Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure
Hypertension
Essentail (95%) 2. Renal disease
Hypertension - children
Renal disease; cystic disease, Wilm's tumor
Hypertension - young women
Oral contraceptives
Hyperthyroidism
Graves' Disease
Hypopituitarism - adults
Nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma
Hypopituitarism - kids
Craniopharyngioma
Hypothyroidism
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Intussusception
terminal ileum into cecum
Liver Disease
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Liver infection
Viral Hepatitis - HVA
Location of Adult brain tumors
Above Tentorium
Location of Childhood brain tumors
Below Tentorium
Lysosomal Storage Disease
Gaucher’s
Mental retardation
Down’s or Fragile X , Fetal alcohol syndrome
Motor Neuron Disease
ALS
Myocarditis
Coxsackie B virus
Nephrotic Syndrome - adults
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic Syndrome - kids
Minimal Change Disease
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
PCP
Peripheral Neuropathy
Diabetes
Portal Hypertension
Cirrhosis
Protozoal Diarrhea
Giardia
Pulmonary HTN
COPD
Renal Failure
Acute tubular necrosis
Right Heart Failure
Left heart failure
Secondary Hypertension
Renal disease
Sexually transmitted disease
Chlamydia
SIADH
Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Single Gene Disorder
Thalassemia
Site of Diverticula
Sigmoid Colon
Sites of atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Surgical Emergency
Acute Appendicitis
Thyroid disease
Goiter
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Lower esophagus : trachea / Upper esophagus : blind pouch
Type of Hodkin’s
Mixed Cellularity versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis
Type of Non-Hodgkin’s
Follicular, small cleaved
Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)
Temporal Arteritis
Viral Encephalitis
HSV
Worm infection in US
1. Pinworm 2. Ascaris