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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bacteremia/pneumonia (IVDA)
S. aureus
Bacteria associated with cancer
H. pylori
Bacteria found in the GI tract
Bacteroides (second most common is E. coli)
Brain tumors (adults)
Mets > astrocytoma (including GBM) > meningioma > schwannoma
Brain tumors (kids)
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain tumor--supratentorial (kids)
Craniopharyngioma
Breast cancer
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in the US, 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer)
Breast mass
Fibrocystic change (in postmenopausal women, carcinoma is the most common)
Breast tumor (benign)
Fibroadenoma
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patient
Klebsiella
Cardiac primary tumor (adults)
Myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; "ball and valve")
Cardiac primary tumor (kids)
Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac tumor (adults)
Mets
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Chromosomal disorder
Down syndrome (associated with ALL, Alzheimer's dementia, and endocardial cushion defects)
Chronic arrhythmia
Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)
Congential cardiac anomaly
VSD
Constrictive pericarditis
Tuberculosis
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis
LAD>RCA>LCA
Cyanosis (early; less common)
Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
Cyanosis (late; more common)
VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin; open with misoprostol)
Demyelinating disease
Multiple sclerosis
Dietary deficit
Iron
Epiglottitis
H. influenzae type B
Esophageal cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma
Gene involved in cancer
p53 tumor suppressor gene
Group affected by cystic fibrosis
Caucasians (fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies, mucous plugs/lung infections)
Gynecologic malignancy
Endometrial carcinoma
Heart murmur
Mitral valve prolapse
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis
Mitral
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA
Tricuspid
Heart valve (rheumatic fever)
Mitral valve (aortic is 2nd)
Helminth infection (U.S.)
Enterobius vermicularis (Ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd most common)
Hereditary bleeding disorder
von Willebrand's disease
Kidney stones
Calcium = radiopaque (2nd most common is ammonium = radiopaque; formed by urease-positive organisms such as Proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus)
Liver disease
Alcoholic liver disease
Location of brain tumors (adults)
Supratentorial
Location of brain tumors (kids)
Infratentorial
Lysosomal storage disease
Gaucher's disease
Male cancer
Prostatic carcinoma
Malignancy associated with noninfectious fever
Hodgkin's disease
Malignant skin tumor
Basal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
Mets to bone
Breast, lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
Mets to brain
Lung, breast, skin (melanoma), kidney (renal cell carcinoma), GI
Mets to liver
Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, and lung carcinomas
Motor neuron disease
ALS
Neoplasm (kids)
ALL (2nd most common is cerebellar medulloblastoma)
Nephrotic syndrome
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Obstruction of male urinary tract
BPH
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
Organ receiving mets
Adrenal glands (due to rich blood supply)
Organ sending mets
Lung > breast, stomach
Ovarian tumor (benign)
Serous cystadenoma
Ovarian tumor (malignant)
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Pancreatic tumor
Adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
Patient with ALL/CLL/AML/CML
ALL-child, CML-adult 35-50, AML-adult>60, CLL-adult>60
Patient with Hodgkin's
Young male (except nodular sclerosis type-female)
Patient with minimal change disease
Young child
Patient with Reiter's
Male
Pituitary tumor
Prolactinoma (2nd-somatotropic "acidophilic" adenoma)
Preventable cancer
Lung cancer
Primary bone tumor (adults)
Multiple myeloma
Primary hyperparathyroidism
Adenomas (followed by hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Primary liver tumor
Hepatoma
Renal tumor
Renal cell carcinoma-associated with von Hippel-Lindau and acquired polycystic kidney disease; paraneoplastic syndromes (erythropoietin, renin, PTH, ACTH)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism
Hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
Sexually transmitted disease
Chlamydia
Site of diverticula
Sigmoid colon
Site of metastasis
Regional lymph nodes
Site of metastasis (2nd most common)
Liver
Site of atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Skin cancer
Basal cell carcinoma
Stomach cancer
Adenocarcinoma
Testicular tumor
Seminoma
Thyroid cancer
Papillary carcinoma
Tracheoesophageal fistula
Lower esophagus joins trachea/upper esophagus-blind pouch
Tumor in men
Prostate carcinoma
Tumor in women
Leiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
Tumor of infancy
Hemangioma
Tumor of the adrenal medulla (adults)
Pheochromocytoma (benign)
Tumor of the adrenal medulla (kids)
Neuroblastoma (malignant)
Type of Hodgkin's
Nodular sclerosis (vs. mixed cellularity, lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion)
Type of non-Hodgkin's
Follicular, small cleaved
Type of pituitary adenoma
Prolactinoma
Vasculitis
Temporal arteritis (risk of ipsilateral blindness due to thrombosis of opthalmic artery)
Viral encephalitis
HSV
Vitamin deficiency (U.S.)
Folic acid (pregnant women are at high risk; body stores only 3- to 4-month supply)