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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1o Tumor arising from bone in
adults
Osteosarcoma
Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Adults
Pheochromocytoma: 5 P’s: ↑ Pressure; Pain (Headache); Perspiration; Palpitations;
Pallor/Diaphoresis
Adrenal Medullary Tumor –
Children
Neuroblastoma
Agent of severe viral encephalitis
Herpes simplex
Aggressive lung tumor
Small cell or oat cell
Associated with gallstones
Adenocarinoma
Bacterial Meningitis – adults
Strep pneumoniae & in young adults = Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis – elderly
Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis – newborns
E. coli / Group BStrep.
Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers
Hib
Benign epithelial tumor of oral
mucosa
Papilloma
Benign fallopian tube tumor
Adenomatoid
Benign ovarian tumor
Mature(Native) Teratoma = benign dermatoid
Benign tumor of soft tissue
Lipoma
Benign tumor of the breast <25yoa
Fibroadenoma
Benign tumor of the liver
Hemangioma
Benign tumor of the vulva
Hidroadenoma
Benign uterine tumor
Leiomyoma: estrogen sinsitive: changes size during pregnancy & menopause
Bone Tumors
Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Brain Tumor – Child
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain Tumor –Adult
Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Breast Carcinoma
Invasive Duct Carcinoma
Breast Mass
Fibrocystic Change: premenopausic women (Carcinoma is the most common in post-menopausal
women)
Bug in Acute Endocarditis
Staph aureus
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized
pneumonia pt
Klebsiella
Bug in Epiglottitis
Hib
Bug in GI Tract
Bacteroides (2nd – E. coli)
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia /
pneumonia
Staph aureus
Bug in PID
N. Gonnorrhoeae
Bug in Subacute Endocarditis
Strep Viridans
CA of urinary collecting system
Transitional cell CA (assoc. w/ benzidine; βnaphthylamine; analine dyes; long term txt w/
cyclophosphamide)
Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Adults
Myxoma: “Ball Valve”
Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Child
Rhabdomyoma – associated w/ Tuberous sclerosis
Cardiac Tumor – Adults
Metasteses
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy: Alcohol, BeriBeri, Cocaine use, Coxsackie B, Doxorubicin
424. Systolic Dysfunction
Cause of 2ry HTN
Renal Disease
Cause of Addison’s
Autoimmune (2nd – infection)
Cause of breast lumps
CA of the breast
Cause of chronic endometriosis
TB
Cause of Congenital Adrenal
Hyperplasia
21-Hydroxylase Deficiency: NaCl lost & Hypotension (then, 11- NaCl retention & HTN)
Cause of Cushings
Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1ry ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)
Cause of Death in Alzheimer pts
Pneumonia
Cause of Death in Diabetics
MI
Cause of Death in premature
NRDS = hyaline membrane disease
Cause of Death in
SLE pts.
Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative) = Renal Disease
Cause of Dementia
(2nd most common)
Multi-Infarct Dementia
Cause of Dwarfism
Achondroplasia
Cause of Food poisoning
Staph aureus
Cause of Hematosalpynga
Ectopic pregnancy
Cause of Hypoparathyroidism
Throidectomy
Cause of Hypothyroidism
Corrective surgery I31 treatment
Cause of Kidney infections
E. coli
Cause of Liver disease in US
Alcohol consumption
Cause of Malignancy in children
Acute leukemia
Cause of Mental retardation
Down’s
Cause of Mental retardation (2nd
most common)
Fragile X
Cause of NaCl loss and
Hypotension
21 hydroxylase deficiency
Cause of Portal cirrhosis
Alcohol
Cause of Preventable Blindness
Chlamydia (serotypes A,B,Ba,C)
Cause of Pulmonary HTN
COPD
Cause of UT Obstruction in men
BPHyperplasia
Cause Pernicious Anemia
Chronic atrophic gastritis = no production of intrinsic factor
Common Tumor of the Appendix
Carcinoid tumor: flushing; diarrhea; bronchospasm; RHeart valvular lesions
458. Txt: Methysergide (5HT antagonist)
Congenital Cardiac Anomaly
VSD (membranous > muscular)
Congenital Early Cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot =right to left shunt
Coronary Artery Thrombosis
LAD artery: MI
Demyelinating Disease
Multiple Sclerosis: (Charcot Triad = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech)
463. Periventricular plaques w/ ↓ Oligodenrocytes
464. ↑ IgG in CSF, Optic Neuritis, MLF Syndorme = Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia, bladder
incontinence
Dental Tumor
Odontoma
Disseminated Opportunistic
Infection in AIDS
CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)
Esophageal Cancer
SCCA
Fallopian Tube Malignancy
AdenoCA
Fatal Genetic Defect in
Caucasians
Cystic Fibrosis (chromosome 7q)
Female Tumor
Leimyoma
Form of Amyloidosis
Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)
Form of Tularemia
Ulceroglandular
Germ Cell Tumor of Testes
Seminoma (analogous to dysgerminoma of ovaries)
Gynecological Malignancy
Endometrial Carcinoma
Heart Murmur
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Heart Valve in Bacterial
Endocarditis
Mitral
Heart Valve in Bacterial
Endocarditis in IV drug users
Tricuspid
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic
Fever
Mitral then Aortic
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder
Von Willebrand’s Disease
Hormone secreted in Pituitary
Adenoma
Prolactin
Inherited disease of the Kidney
Adult polycystic kidney disease: associated w/ polycystic liver, Berry aneurysms, Mitral prolapse
485. APD1 – chromosome 16
Intracranial tumor in adults
Glioblastoma mulitforme
Islet Tumor
Insulinoma = β cell tumor
Liver 1ry Tumor
Hepatoma
Location of Adult Brain Tumors
Above Tentorium
Location of Childhood
Brain Tumors
Below Tentorium
Lung Tumor, primary or secondary
Secondary
Lysosomal Storage Disease
Gaucher’s
Malignancy in Women
Lung (2nd breast)
Malignancy of the Larynx
Glottic CA (squamous cell)
Malignancy of the Small Intestine
Adenocarcinoma
Malignancy Vulva
Squamous cell CA
Malignant Eye Tumor in Kids
Retinoblastoma
Malignant Tumor of the Liver
Hepatocellular CA
Motor Neuron Disease
ALS
Muscular Dystrophy
Duchenne’s: Dystrophin deletion. Presents <5yoa weakness at pelvic girdles w/ upward
progression
Nasal Tumor
Squamous cell CA
Neoplasm – Child (2nd most
common)
Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)
Neoplasm of the West
Adeno CA of the rectum and/or colon
Neoplastic Polyp
Tubular adenoma
Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic Syndrome in Children
Minimal Change (Lipoid Nephrosis) Disease (responds well to steroid txt)
Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Follicular small clear cell
Number of Deaths per year in
Women
Lung CA
Skin tumor
Basal cell CA