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86 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
bacteremia/pneumonia (IVDA)
S. aureus
bacteria associated with cancer
H. pylori
top 2 bacteria found in GI
Bacteroides (second most common is E. coli)
top 4 brain tumors in adults
Mets > astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme) > meningioma > schwannoma
type of brain tumor in kids. location?
medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
brain tumor - supratentorial in kids
craniopharyngioma
breast cancer
infiltrating ductal carcinoma (in the US, 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer)
breast mass

also: breast mass in postmenopausal women
fibrocystic change (in postmenopausal women, carcinoma is most common)
benign breast tumor
fibroadenoma
bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patient
Klebsiella
primary cardiac tumor in adults
myxoma (most in L atrium, "ball and valve")
cardiac primary tumor in kids
rhabdomyoma
cardiac tumor in adults
metastases
cardiomyopathy
dilated cardiomyopathy
chromosomal disorder
Downs syndrome (associated with ALL, Alzheimer's dementia and endocardial cushion defects)
chronic arrhythmia
atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)
congenital cardiac anomaly
VSD
constrictive pericarditis
TB
coronary artery involved in thrombosis
LAD > RCA > LCA
early cyanosis (less common than late)
3 T's

Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
late cyanosis (more common than early)

treatments?
VSD, ASD, PDA (close with indomethacin; open with misoprostol)
demyelinating disease
multiple sclerosis
dietary deficit
iron
epiglottitis
Hemophilus influenza type B
esophageal cancer
squamous cell carcinoma
gene involved in cancer
p53 tumor suppressor gene
group affected by CF and signs of CF
caucasians (fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies, mucous plugs, lung infections)
gynecologic malignancy
endometrial carcinoma
heart murmur
mitral valve prolapse
heart valve in bacterial endocarditis
mitral
heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IV drug user
tricuspid
top 2 heart valves in rheumatic fever
1. mitral 2. aortic
helminth infection in the US
1. Enterobius vermicularis
2. Ascaris lumbricoides
hereditary bleeding disorder
von Willebrand's
kidney stones

bonus: name 2 bugs that cause ammonium stones
1. calcium = radiopaque
2. ammonium = radiopaque (formed by urease-positive organisms like Proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus)
liver disease
alcoholic liver disease
location of brain tumors in adults
supratentorial
location of brain tumors in kids
infratentorial
lysosomal storage disease
Gaucher's disease
male cancer
prostatic cancer
malignancy associated with non-infectious fever
Hodgkin's disease

Hodgkin's is HOT
malignant skin tumor
basal cell carcinoma (rarely metastasizes)
mets to bone
pB ktL and testicular CA
mets to brain
MLK BS
Melanoma
Lung
Kidney
Breast
Stomach
mets to liver
breast
lung
gastric
pancreatic
colon
motor neuron disease
ALS
top 2 neoplasms in kids
1. ALL
2. cerebellar medulloblastoma
nephrotic syndrome
membranous glomerulonephritis
obstruction of male urinary tract
benign prostatic hyperplasia
opportunistic infection in AIDS
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
organ receiving mets
adrenal glands (due to rich blood supply)
organ sending mets
lung > breast, stomach
benign ovarian tumor
serous cystadenoma
malignant ovarian tumor
serous cystadenocarcinoma
pancreatic tumor
adenocarcinoma (head of pancreas)
patients with ALL CLL AML CML
ALL: child
CLL: adult > 60
AML: adult > 60
CML: adult 35-50
patient with Hodgkin's
young male (except nodular sclerosis type - female)
patient with minimal change disease
young child
patient with Reiter's
male
pituitary tumor
1. prolactinoma 2. somatotropic "acidophilic" adenoma
preventable cancer
lung cancer
primary bone tumor in adults
multiple myeloma
top 3 sources of primary hyperparathyroidism
1. adenomas 2. hyperplasia 3. carcinoma
primary liver tumor
hepatoma
secondary hyperparathyroidism
hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
renal tumor
renal cell carcinoma - associated with von Hippel-Lindau and acquired polycystic kidney disease paraneoplastic syndromes (EPO, renin, PTH, ACTH)
sexually transmitted disease
chlamydia
site of diverticula
sigmoid colon
site of metastasis
1. regional lymph nodes 2. liver
site of atherosclerosis
1. abdominal aorta 2. coronary 3. popliteal 4. carotid
skin cancer
basal cell carcinoma
stomach cancer
adenocarcinoma
testicular tumor
seminoma
thyroid cancer
papillary carcinoma
tracheoesophageal fistula
lower esophagus joins trachea, with upper esophagus as a blind pouch
tumor in men
prostate carcinoma
tumor in women
leiomyoma (estrogen dependent)
tumor of infancy
hemangioma
tumor of the adrenal medulla in adults
pheochromocytoma (benign)
tumor of the adrenal medulla in kids
neuroblastoma (malignant)
type of Hodgkin's
nodular sclerosis (vs. mixed cellularity, lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion)
type of non-Hodgkin's
follicular, small cleaved
type of pituitary adenoma
prolactinoma
vasculitis
temporal arteritis (risk of ipsilateral blindness due to thrombosis of ophthalmic artery)
viral encephalitis
herpes simplex virus
vitamin deficiency
folic acid (pregnant women are at risk; body stores only 3 to 4 month supply)