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20 Cards in this Set

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Acidification
The conversion to an acid environment
Acidosis
The increase of acid content in the blood resulting from the accumulation of acid or loss of bicarbonate; the pH of blood is lowered
Alkalosis
The increase of alkalinity in the blood resulting from the accumulation of alkali or reduction of acid content; the pH of blood is raised
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
A test that measures the nitrogen in the blood in the form of urea
Congestive heart failure (CHF)
Accumulation of blood in the circulatory due to inefficient pumping of the heart
Dialysis
The passage of a solute through a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials and to maintain fluid, electrolyte, and pH levels of the body system when the kidneys no longer work
Diuresis
The secretion and passage of large amounts of urine from the body
Diuretics
An agent that increases urine output and diuresis
Edema
A local or generalized condition in which body tissues retain excessive amounts of tissue fluid
Excretion
The elimination of waste products from the body
Hyperkalemia
An excessive amount of potassium in the blood
Hypokalemia
An abnormally low concentration of potassium in the blood
Incontinence
Loss of control over excretion of urine or feces
Micturition
Urination
Nocturia
Having to urinate excessively at night
Pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney and renal pervis
Urinary retention
The inability to empty the bladder completely
Urea
The main nitrogenous constituent of urine and final product of protein metabolish; formed in the liver
Uremia
The buildup of urea and other nitrogenous products within the body that would normally be excreted by healthy kidneys
Urolithiasis
Kidney stones