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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the way man uses his environment to fill his material needs of food, clothing, and shelter
need for law and order
need for shared beliefs
need for knowledge and learning
the way society organizes it's people socially
language/art/self expression
need for communication
What is an event?
the actual happening
What is an account?
someone's representation or idea of the event
What are the factors of an event?
all inclusive, everything's in it, big, happens once and is gone, no longer can be seen, inivisible, caused by many things
What are the factors of an account?
selective, things left out, smaller, can be used over, visibllel, created by someone, shows someones perspective
What factors shape accounts or representations?
skills, talent, experiences, knowledge and ideas, importance, point of view
scientist who studies past human or prehuman civilizations
scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient peoples by excavating ancient living sites
a scientist who studies bones and fossils
history before recorded history; learned from archeology
radio carbon dating
measuring the age of once-living material by calculating the amount of radioactive carbon present in it
an object made by humabns like a tool, ornament, pottery, weapon and has historical or archeological importance
the ideas, customs, skills, and arts of a given people at a given time
the skills and knowledge available to people
simple and not complicated or advanced
having advanced cultural and social development
someone without a permanent home and moves constantly in search of food
what are the three periods in the stone age
paleolithic, mesolithic, and neolithic
wat were the 5 paleolithic humans
homo habilis, homo erectus, homo sapeins, neanderthal, and cro magnon
describe homo habilis
limited speech but were beginning to cooperate in gathering food
describe homo erectus
were nomads, food gatherers, made fire and clothing, lived in caves and could migrate to different places because of their clothing
describe the neanderthals
first homo sapien, toolmaking was more advanced,improved caves by digging drainage ditches to carry away water, believed in life after death
describe the cro magnons
invented the knife and chisel os they could work with bone, invented stone axe to cut trees down and shape and long distance weapons so they coukld hunt, artistry,
describe mesolithic period
domesticated the dog and goat, invented the sickle so they could eat the seeds of wild grain, pottery was effective for storing food and water, increased food supply so life expectancy increased and so did the population
how did the neolitchic period produce food
domesticated crops so they would grow in the same spot each year, domesticated more animals dor meat and sometimes milk
what were the effects of domesticating crops
more people survived, and settled in communities
what is catal huyuk
the largest neolithic community found, houses were made of mud bricks and were recangular and flat roofed, several related families shared a house and people walked across the roofs
wat was invented during the neolithic time period
the plow, loom, wheel, learned to bake clay bricks for construction and hammer metals to make weapons and jewelry
wat did the agricultural way of life change
created calendars to measure when to plant the crrops, and people cared about boundary lines and rules of inheritance
wat did neolitchic people believe in
many deities, the spirits weere transformed into gods that could help or hurt people
who is lucy?
the bones of someone found in hadar ethiopia, named after Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
What are the ice ages?
4 long periods of cold climate
what are the 4 river valley civilizations
nile, yellow, tigris-euphrates, and indus
workers skilled in a specific craft so they become excellent at it
cultural diffusion
thge exchange of goods and ideas when cultures came in contact
who was the head of the ruling class
the king
how did writing originate
from the records that priests kept
traditional stories explaining how the world was formed, how peopole came into being, and wat they owed their creator
what were the difference in male and female roles
males hunted and females looked for food closeby because they had to take care of the family and mostly everything