Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
normative social influence
influence resulting from one's willingness to accept other's opinions about reality
informational social influence
improved performance of tasks in the presence of others, occurs with simple or well learned tasks that are difficult or not yet mastered
social facilitation
the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal then when individually accountable
social loafing
the loss of self awareness and self restraint occuring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
the enhancement of a group's prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group
group polarization (ie conventions)
the mode of thingking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision making group overrides a realistic appraisal or alternatives
power of the situation
social control
power of the individual
personal control
an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group of people and its members. this usually involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action
a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group or its members
this psychologist made the black/white face association test
Anthony Greenwald
this psychologist asked university female students to grade essays and they mentioned the race. people were nicer in evaluating black students essays
Kent Harbor
"us"-people with whom one shares a common identity
"them"-those perceived as different or apart from one's ingroup
this psychologist dicovered that women like less masculinized faces
the tendency to favor one's own group
ingroup bias
the theory that prejudice offeres an outlet for anger by providing someone to people
scapegoat theory
a way to simplify our world
the tendency of epople to believe that the world is just and people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get
just world phenomenon
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy
complete unawareness to to other cultures/cultural differences and they think they are wrong
stage 1: cultural chauvinism
aware of others' cultures but judge theirs as better
stage 2: ethnocentrism
very aware of other cultures but tries to educate others on their better way
stage 3: tolerance
"colorblindness" awareness of other cultures but focusses on similarities and misses key differences
stage 4: minimazation
realization that my own way is one of many, and that others are not abnormal or necessarily wrong
stage 5: cultural understanding
types of agression triggered by stimuli
genetic, neural, biochemical (beer)
the principle that frustration- the blocking of an attempt to acheive some goal creates anger which can generate aggression
frustration-aggression principle
what the media says to do, mental tapes for how to act
social scripts
a perceived incompatibility of actions, goals or ideas
a situation in which conflicting parties by rationally pursuing their self interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior
social traps
as we see "them" as untrustworthy and evil intentioned so "they" see us
(each demonizes another)
mirror image perceptions
leads each party to accept credit for good deeds and to shuck the blame for bad deeds
self serving bias
may do something to annoy or prevoke someone to bring out a characteristic of them that you prophesized
self fulfilling prophecy
the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases the liking of them
mere exposure effect
Hatfield defined this as an aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship
passionate love
the deep affectionate attachement we feel for those with who our lives are intertwined
companionate love
a condition to which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they put into it
revealing intimate aspects of one's self to others
self disclosure
unselfish regard for the (can't read it in my notes, look up) in others