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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The practice, methods, or spirit of merchants/Gold and silver
Balance of Trade
Countries wanted to export more than import
A map maker
Treaty of Tordesillas
A treaty that divided the world outside of Europe between the Spanish and Portuguese
To process completely around or go around
A person who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture.
Spanish Armada defeated when?
B. Dias
Portuguese navigator and explorer who sailed to the southern tip of Africa but not around
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer who sailed around the southern tip of Africa to Asia
Portuguese explorer that lead the first expedition around the world. (Also named the pacific ocean which means a calm and peaceful ocean)
Any of several types of small, light sailing ships, especially one with two or three masts and lateen sails used by the Spanish and Portuguese in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Muslim ship easily repaired with coir
Lateen Sail
a triangular fore-and-aft sail used especially in the Mediterranean
Muslim rope
A globe
A group of emigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant territory but remain subject to or closely associated with the parent country.A region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency.A group of people with the same interests or ethnic origin concentrated in a particular area: the American colony in Paris.
El Mina/Arguin Island
Fort on Arguin Island built for slave trade
A political unit consisting of an autonomous state inhabited predominantly by a people sharing a common culture, history, and language.Devotion to the interests or culture of one's nation.Aspirations for national independence in a country under foreign domination.
Chinese ship
A conqueror, especially one of the 16th-century Spanish soldiers who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America, or Peru.
Joint-stock company
A business whose capital is held in transferable shares of stock by its joint owners.
Triangular Trade
Triangular Trade is when ships carrying slaves sailed the legs of what formed a triangle, to America, Europe, and Africa.
Atlantic Slave Trade system
Portuguese nobleman, explorer, and navigator who was the first European to see Brazil
Francisco Pizzaro
Spanish conquistador who traveled through much of the Pacific coast of America along Peru. He "discovered" the Incan empire and conquered it brutally and quickly, stealing immense hoards of gold, silver, and other treasures
Herman Cortes
Spanish adventurer and conquistador who overthrew the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain
Samuel de Chaplain
French explorer and navigator who mapped much of northeastern North America and started a settlement in Quebec.
Fear of foreigners
Belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
Columbian Exchange
the term Crosby coined to describe the worldwide redistribution of plants, animals, and diseases that resulted from the initial contacts between Europeans and American Indians.
Anno Domini
Common Era
A political system that defines the relationship between a Greater Lord and a Lesser Lord who is his Vassal. An alliance involving land for an army/mutual protection.
An economic system that defines the relationship between a LORD and a serf. The serf worked the land and provided the food for the manor while the Lord provided protection food and a roof over head.