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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ROBERT LEE
best senior office in US army received an offer to be a commander of teh union's troop against secession and slavery b/c of his state, hometown VA seceded joined Confederacy army
WAR DEMOCRATS
strongly supported the conflict and hoped to restore the union to the way it was before the war and opposed ending slavery
PEACE DEMOCRATS
COPPERHEADS
opposed the war, called for reuniting states through NEGOTIATIONS rather than force
ANDREW JOHNSON
assination of LIncoln led to vice president becoming a president: democrat who stayed loyal even though his state TN seceded
BLACK CODES
passed by new southern state legislatures to limit African American's rights in South. intended to keep them in a condition similar to slavery. generally required to enter into annual labor contracts
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866
guaranteeing citizenships to all persons born in US except for native americans. ALLOWED AFRICAN AMERICAN TO OWN PROPERTY AND TREATED EQUALLY IN COURT. gave federal government the power to sue people who violated those rights. passed to override black codes
MILITARY RECONSTRUCTION ACT
congressional republicans passed to wipe out Johnson's program
divide former confederacy into 5 military districts and union general was placed in each district
CARPETBAGGERS
newcomers from north b/c arrived with suitcases made out of carpet fabrics
SCALAWAGS
southerners who worked with republicans and supported reconstructions called them: weak worthless animals
AFRICAN AMERICAN COLLEGES
fisk university, TN
atlanta university
morehouse college, GA
EDUCATION IN SOUTH
freed African americans wanted to learn
40% attended school
KKK
southern republicans secret societies: goal was to drive out union troops, carpetbaggers, REGAIN CONTROL OF SOUTH FOR DEMOCRATIC PARTY,
ENFORCEMENT ACT
1. federal crime to interfere with citizen's right to vote
2. federal elections under supervision of federal marshal
3. outlawed all activities of kkk
CORRUPTION CHARGES IN GRANT'S ADMINISTRATION
secretary accepted bribes from merchants operating @ army post,
whiskey ring - gov officials, distillers to St.Louis cheated gov. out of million dollars by filing false tax reports
ECONOMIC DEPRESSION IN 1877
railroad investments forced banking firm declare bankruptcy, out of work, hurt republicans politically, democrats won control of house of rep, senate
REDEMPTION OF SOUTH
to save south from black republican rule
SHARECROPPING SYSTEM
tenant farmers = paying rent for land they farmed
sharecroppers = pay rent in share of crops not cash
cropliens = merchants could take crops to cover debts