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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is monosacchride
a simple sugar (one sugar)
What is Fruit Sugar?
fruitose
One function of lipids is _____ -term energy storage
long
another word for polymer
macromolecule
organic compound that carry the genitic code
nucliec acids
carbon atoms bond to each other, forming chains or this shape
rings
indigestable polysaccahride that forms cell walls of plants
cellulose
all organic compounds contain this element
carbon
nucliec acids contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and this element
phosphorus
animal store excess sugar in this form
glycogen
special protein that speeds up a chemical reaction
enzymes
double sugar
disaccharide
plants store excess sugar in this form
starch
these fats are typically solid at room tempature
saturated
organic compounds that makes up our skin, hair, and muscles
proteins
there are _____ common amino acids
twenty
lipids are insoluble in _______
water
splitting of a polymer into several monomers
hydrolysis
_____ fats, such as vegitable oils, are liquid at room tempature
unsaturated
sugars and starches
carbohydrates
a carbon atom can form ____ covalent bonds
four
lipids are major components of cell _____
membranes
large molecules formed when many smaller molecules bond together
polymer
process by which 2 or more monomers join together (H2O is lost)
condensation
C6 H12 O6
glucose
two examples of nucliec acids are RNA and ____
DNA
a dissacharide commonly known as table sugar
sucrose
small molecule
monomer
lipids are composed of one glycerol attached to three _____ ____.
fatty acids
a complex sugar
polysaccharide
these are the bulding blocks of proteins
amino acids
proteins contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygens, nitrogen, and this element
sulfer
this type of bond is the found between amino acids
peptide