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27 Cards in this Set

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homeostasis
balance in internal enviornment of the body
adhesion
abnormal firous bands that holds or binds tissues tother that are normally separated
analyte
substance analyzed or tested, generally by means of laboratory methods
contrast medium
substance injected into the body, introduced via catheter, or swallowed to facilitate radiographic images of internal structures that otherwise are difficult to visualize on x-ray films
dehiscence
bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound
febrile
feverish; pertaining to a fever
inflammation
body defense against injury, infection, or allergy that is marked by redness, swellinmg, heat, pain and, sometimes, loss of function
morbid
diseased; pertaining to a disease
nuclear medicine
branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment, and research
radiology
medical specialty concerned with the use of electormagnetic radiation.
radionuclides
substances that emit radiation spontaneously; also called tracers
radiopharmaceutical
radionuclide attached to a protein, sugar, or other substance used to visualize an organ or area of the body that will be scanned
scan
term used to describe a computerzed image by modailty( such as ct, mri, and nuclear imaging) or by structure ( such as thyroid and bone)
sepsis
pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the
presence of microorganisms or their productsin the bloodstream
suppurative
producing or associated with generation of pus
endoscopy
visual examination of the body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
laparoscopy
visual examination of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very small incisions in the abdominal wall
thoracoscopy
examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted throught a small incision between the ribs
complete blood count
common blood test that enumerates red blood cells, white blood cells, and plateles; measures hemoglobin
urinalysis
comon urine screening test that evaluates the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine
computed tomography
imaging technique achievedby rotating an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted ray from different angles
doppler
ultrasound techniqueused to detect and measure blood-flow velocity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves, and peripheral vessels by reflecting sound waves off moving blood cells
fluoroscopy
radiographic technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays continuous motion images of internal structures
magnetic resonance imaging
noninvasive imaging technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field rather than x-ray beam to produce multiplanar cross-secional images
nuclear scan
diagnostic techinque using radioactive material.
postion emission tomography
scanning technique using computed tomography to record the postrons emitted from a radiopharmaceutical
radiography
imaging technique that x-ray passed through the body or area and captured on a film