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77 Cards in this Set

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psychological disorders
a "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be typical, distrubing, maladaptive, adn unjustifiable
medical model
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these "mental" illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which many include treatment in a psychiatric hospital
bio-psycho-social perspective
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocutural factors combine and interact to produce pschological disorders
DSM-IV
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Neurotic Disorder
a psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and fuction socially
psychological disorders
a "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be typical, distrubing, maladaptive, adn unjustifiable
medical model
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these "mental" illnesses can be dianosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which many include treatment in a psychiatric hospital
bio-psycho-social perspective
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocutural factors combine and interact to produce pschological disorders
DSM-IV
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Neurotic Disorder
a psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and fuction socially
psychological disorders
a "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be typical, distrubing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable
medical model
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these "mental" illnesses can be dianosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which many include treatment in a psychiatric hospital
bio-psycho-social perspective
a contemporary perspective which assumes tha tbiological, psychological, and sociocutural factors combine and interact to produce pschological disorders
DSM-IV
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Neurotic Disorder
a psychological disorder tah tis usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and fuction socially
psychotic disorder
a psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencin irrational ideas and distorted perceptions.
anxiety disorders
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, peristent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
generalized anxiety disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, appreshensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal.
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by a minutes long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanykng chest pain, choking, or other frightenin sensations
phobia
an anxxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
panic attack
a minutes long episode of intense fear tha tsomething horrible is about to happen to them.
agoraphobia
fear or avoidance of situations in which espcape might be difficult or help unavailable when panic strikes
social phobia
an intense fear of being scrutinized by others, teh anxious person will avoid potentially embarrassing social situations.
obsesive-compulsive disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions (compulsions.)
stimulus generalization
fearing one thing causes you to fear similar things or situations.
one phobias and compulsions arise, avoiding or escaping the feared situation reduces anxiety, thus doing what to the phobic behavior?
reinforcing it
oberservational learning
learn a fear by observing others.
post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
produced by traumatic stress, experienceing or witnessing severely threatening, uncontrollable events with a sense of fear.
symptoms of PTSD
huanting memories, nighmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and insomnia
amygdala
a portion of the brain where fear learnign experienes are learned.
panic attack
a minutes long episode of intense fear tha tsomething horrible is about to happen to them.
agoraphobia
fear or avoidance of situations in which espcape might be difficult or help unavailable when panic strikes
social phobia
an intense fear of being scrutinized by others, teh anxious person will avoid potentially embarrassing social situations.
obsesive-compulsive disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions (compulsions.)
stimulus generalization
fearing one thing causes you to fear similar things or situations.
one phobias and compulsions arise, avoiding or escaping the feared situation reduces anxiety, thus doing what to the phobic behavior?
reinforcing it
oberservational learning
learn a fear by observing others.
post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
produced by traumatic stress, experienceing or witnessing severely threatening, uncontrollable events with a sense of fear.
symptoms of PTSD
huanting memories, nighmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and insomnia
amygdala
a portion of the brain where fear learnign experienes are learned.
dissociative disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
dissociative identity diorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternation personalities. Also called multiples personality disorder.
fugue
when a person just walks out on their life and can lose their memory of that period of time when they where in teh fugue state.
personality disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder inw hcih the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward family and friends. may be agressibe and ruthless or a clever con artist. these people are also known as sociopaths or psychopaths.
mood disorders
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder in which a person, fo rno apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, an ddiminished interest or pleasure in most activities
manic epidsode
a mood siorder marked by a hyperactive, wildy optimistic state
dysthymic disorder
a down in teh dumps mood that fills most of the da, nearly everdya, for two years or more.
biopolar disorder
a mood disorder in which teh person alternates between hoplessness and lehtargy ofdepressino and the overexcited state of mania. formerly known as manic depresive disorder.
linkage analysis
find families with the disorder and then draw blood from unaffected to affected examining DNA.
NOrepinephrine
a neurotransmitter tha tincreases arousal and boosts mood, is overabundant during mania and scare during depression
serotonin
scare during depression.
viscious cycle of depression
1. stressful experiences 2. negative explanatory style 3. Depressed Mood 4. Cognitive and behavior changes and so on.
schizophrenia
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, adn inappropriate emotions and actions
delusions
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders, irrational thinking.
hallucinations
sensory experiences without sensory stimulation are usually auditory.
flat affect
a zombie like state of apparent apathy.
catatonia
may remain motionless for hours on end and then become agitated.
positive symptoms
schizo people may suffer hallucinations, are often disorganized and deluded in their talk, and may exhibit inappropriate laughter, teras, or rage. (active)
negative symptoms
toneless voices, expressionless faces, or mute right bodies. (absence, in active)
paranoid schizophrenia
preoccupation with delusiosn or hallucinations, often with themes of persecution or grandiosity
disorganized
disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inapproriate emotion
catatonic
immobility (or excessive, purposeless movement), extreme negativism, and/or parrotlike repeating of another's speech or movements
undifferentiated
many and varied symptoms
residual
withdrawal, after hallucinations and delusions have disappeared
chronic schizo
slow developing process and recovery doubtful
acute or reactive schizo
in reaction to particular life stresses, a previously welladjusted person develops schizo rapidly and recovery is more likely
dopamine
dopamine is high in schizo people, neurotransmitter
paranoid schizophrenia
preoccupation with delusiosn or hallucinations, often with themes of persecution or grandiosity
disorganized
disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inapproriate emotion
catatonic
immobility (or excessive, purposeless movement), extreme negativism, and/or parrotlike repeating of another's speech or movements
undifferentiated
many and varied symptoms
residual
withdrawal, after hallucinations and delusions have disappeared
chronic schizo
slow developing process and recovery doubtful
acute or reactive schizo
in reaction to particular life stresses, a previously welladjusted person develops schizo rapidly and recovery is more likely
dopamine
dopamine is high in schizo people, neurotransmitter