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28 Cards in this Set

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Atrovent
bronchodilator, used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow.
*administered via inhaler
Alupent
bronchodilator, used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow.
*administered through inhaler or p.o.
corticosteriods
are either produced naturally by the adrenal gland or given through an inhaler in prescribed puffs.
What is the purpose of corticosteroids?
to suppress the inflammatory response of the immune system
aminophylline
bronchodilator,used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow
*administered by I.V. or inhaler
epinephrine
(Adrenalin) bronchodilator, used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow
*administered by I.V. or inhaler
theophylline
(Theo-Dur) bronchodilator, used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow
*administered via inhaler or I.V.
Isuprel
bronchodilator, used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow
*administered through inhaler, p.o. or through an I.V.
terbutaline
(Brethaire) bronchodilator, used to relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow
*administered via inhaler
**NOTE** terbutaline under the trade name "Bricanyl" is also given to stop premature labor contractions by stimulating the beta 2 receptors in the uterine smooth muscle thus providing relaxation
dexamathose
(Decadron) corticosteriod used to suppress the inflammatory response of the immune system.
*administered via inhaler
triamcinolone
(Azmacort) corticosteroid, used to suppress the inflammatory response of the immune system
*administered via inhaler
ciprofloxacin
(Cipro) antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis
ethambutol
antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis
streptomycin
antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis
isoniazid
antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis
Legionnaires disease
a serious and sometimes fatal lobar pneumonia caused by Legionella pneumophilia and was named for its first recorded recognized outbreak, that occurred in 1976 at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia. This gram-negative bacteria grew in standing water in the air conditioning system and was distributed through the hotel via ventilation ducts.
Zithromax
antibiotic used to treat Legionnaires disease
levofloxacin
antibiotic used to treat Legionnaires disease
Zyban
drug used to stop smoking
Survanta
natural surfactant is derived from ground-up cow's lungs and is used to supplement low levels of natural surfactant in the lungs of premature infants suffering from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
diuretics
used to treat pulmonary edema
Tine-test
a skin test for tuberculosis that uses a 4-pronged applicator/injection
rifampin
antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis
and Legionnaire's disease
beclomethasone
(Beclovent,Vanceril) corticosteroid drug used to suppress the inflammatory response of the immune system
*administered via inhaler
albuterol
(Proventil) bronchodilator that relaxes the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing the air flow.
*can be administered through inhaler or p.o.
bronchodilators
relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchi, thereby increasing air flow.
*used to treat:
asthma
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
emphysema
How are bronchodilators given? (3)
1)orally
2)intravenously
3)as a solution or powder in a dispenser administered via inhaler (aerochamber) with a special mouthpiece
The prescribed dosage for meter-dose inhalers is in what?
in numbers of puffs