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49 Cards in this Set

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Ritalin
drug used to treat ADHD
Dexedrine
drug used to treat ADHD
Name (4) OTC sleep aids
1)Excedrin P.M.
2)Sominex
3)Tylenol P.M.
4)Unisom
Butisol
barbiturate hypnotic for insomnia
Nembutal
barbiturate hypnotic for insomnia
Seconal
barbiturate hypnotic for insomnia
amphetamine
drug used to treat ADHD
Paraldehyde
a sedative/hypnotic used to decrease agitation and promote sedation and sleep in patients undergoing alcohol withdrawal
Doriden
nonbarbiturate hypnotic drug for insomnia
Restoril
nonbarbiturate hypnotic drug for insomnia
Ambien
nonbarbiturate hypnotic drug for insomnia
OTC sleep aids commonly contain the antihistamine ____ and cause drowsiness.
diphenhydramine
epileptic seizure
originates in the brain when a group of neurons spontaneously begins to send out impulses in an abnormal, uncontrolled manner.
phenobarbital
(Luminal) drug used to treat epilipsy
Zarontin
drug used to treat epilepsy
Tegretol
drug for Tonic-Clonic seizure,complex partial seizures and epilepsy
Neurontin
drug used to treat epilipsy
valproic acid
(Depakote) drug used to treat epilepsy
Name (4) types of seizures (the type of epileptic drug used depends on the type of seizure)
1)Tonic-clonic (grand mal)
2)Absence (petit mal)
3)Complex partial (psychomotor)
4)Simple partial (focal motor)
Luminal
drug for Tonic-Clonic seizure,and to treat status epilepticus
Dilantin
drug for Tonic-Clonic seizure, complex partial seizures and status epilepticus
Mysoline
drug for Tonic-Clonic seizure
What drug is the drug of choice used for treating adult tonic-clonic seizures?
Dilantin
What drug of choice is used for treating child tonic-clonic seizures?
phenobarbital
Zarontin
is the drug of choice for treating absence seizures
Klonopin
drug used for absence seizures
valproic acid
(Depakote) drug used for absence seizures
Tranxene
drug used for complex partial seizures
Neurontin
drug used for complex partial seizures
What drug is prescribed to prevent seizures during alcoholic detoxification?
Librium
Valium
(diazepam) drug used to treat status epilepticus
Ativan
(lorazepam) drug used to treat status epilepticus
status epilepticus
is a state of prolonged seizure activity or frequent seizures
Parkinson's disease
first described in 1817 by English physician James Parkinson. It is a chronic, degenerative condition affecting the brain. Its early symptoms, first appearing usually in adults of later middle age, include muscle rigidity, tremors, and a slowing of voluntary movements. Follow a progressively downhill clinical course.
Parloded
drug used to treat Parkinson's disease
L-dopa
(levodopa) drug used to treat Parkinson's disease
Cogentin
drug used to treat Parkinson's disease
Artane
drug used to treat Parkinson's disease
Sinemet-10/100, 25/100, or 25/250
combination drugs used to treat Parkinson's disease
Alzheimer's disease
dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease is associated with low levels of acetylcholine in the cortex of the brain. This occurs because of the concomitant destruction of neurons.
Cognex
drug used to treat Alzheimer's disease
Hydergine
drug used to treat Alzheimer's disease
Drugs used to treat insomnia are classified into what 2 groups?
1)nonbarbiturate
2)barbiturate
Drugs used to induce sleep are termed what from the Greek word hypnos "for sleep"?
hypnotics
Placidyl
nonbarbiturate hypnotics drug for insomnia
valproic acid
(Depakote) drug used to treat absence seizures and complex partial seizures.
Dalmane
nonbarbiturate hypnotics drug for insomnia
**most common hypnotic prescribed
Halcion
nonbarbiturate hypnotic drug for insomnia
**most common hypnotic prescribed
Symmetrel
drug used to treat Parkinson's disease