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25 Cards in this Set

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Ankylosing spondylitis
Inflammation of vertebrae progressing to stiffening back or joint
Crepitation
Grinding sound on movement of ends of a broken bone
Exostosis
Bony outgrowth arising from the surface of a bone
Sudden breaking of a bone. Name 2.
1)simple fracture
2)compound fracture
Simple fracture
Bone is broken without rupture of skin.
Compound fracture
Broken bone with protrusion through skin
fracture
Sudden breaking of a bone
Colles' fracture
Break at distal end of radius (wrist)
comminuted fracture
Bone is splintered or crushed
Compression fracture
Bone is compressed (fracture of vertebra by pressure)
Greenstick fracture
Bone is partially broken/bent in children
impacted fracture
One fragment is driven firmly into the other.
Genu Valgum
Knock-knee
Genu Varus
Bowleg
Kyphosis
Humpback, posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
Lordosis
Swayback, anterior curvature in the lumbar spine
Lumbago
Low back pain
Osteodystrophy
Painful development of bone -- growing pains
Osteomalacia
Softening of bone, rickets in children, due to vitamin D deficiency
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of bone and bone marrow.
Osteoporosis
Loss of bony tissue and decreased mass of bone
Osteotome
Surgical chisel designed to cut bone
Scoliosis
Lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped)
Sequestrum
Segment of dead bone that has separated from the bone.
Talipes
Any of several deformities of the foot (clubfoot)