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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
achlorhydria
absence of hydrochloric acid from gastric secretions
anal fistula
fistula is an abnormal passageway that has formed from the rectum to anus
anorexia
lack of appetite
aphthous stomatitis
canker sores found in the oral cavity
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
borborygmus
rumbling gas sounds in the intestines
cholecystectomy
removal of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis
gallstones
cirrhosis
abnormal liver cells usually due to alcohol intake
cleft lip
congenital defect resulting in a deep fissure (opening) of the lip running upward to the nose
cleft palate
congenital fissure (opening) of the palate that may involve the upper lip, hard palate and soft palate
colitis
inflammation of colon
Crohn's disease
inflammation of ileum causing scaring and thickening in the walls
constipation
difficult, delayed elimination of feces; hard or dry stool
diarrhea
loose watery stools; the passage of fluid or unformed stools
diverticulitis
inflammation of the diverticula (pouch or sac in lining of intestines)
dyspepsia
indigestion
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
dysphasia
difficulty in speech
emesis
vomiting
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestines
eructation
belching/raising gas orally from the stomach
esophageal reflux
return of stomach contents into esophagus
esophageal varices
swollen, twisted veins around the distal (end) of the esophagus
flatus
gas expelled from the anus
gallstones
collection of bile formed in the gallbladder. Also called cholelithiasis
gastric ulcers
erosions of tissue in mucous lining of stomach
gastritis
inflammation of stomach
gastroenteritis
inflammation of the stomach and small intestines
gastrorrhagia
bleeding/hemorrhage from the stomach
gastrorrhea
excessive flow of gastric secretions
gastrorrhexis
a rupture or tearing of the stomach
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
hemorrhoids
swollen,wrested, varicose veins in the rectal region
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
hernia
protusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall that normally contains it
herpes labialis
cold sores/fever blisters
hiatal hernia
protrusion of part of the stomach through esophageal opening in the diaphragm
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
IBD
Inflammatory Bowel Disease-inflammation of the large intestine
ileitis
inflammation of the ileum
jaundice
usually abnormal liver cells causing yellowing of the skin
jaundice
usually abnormal liver cells causing yellowing of the skin
leukoplakia
white patch on mucous membrane inside cheek area
melena
black dark tarry stools containing digested blood
nausea
sensation of urge to vomit
peptic ulcers
erosions of tissue in stomach or duodenum
perforating ulcer
erosion through the entire thickness of an organ wall
polyps
small growths protruding from the mucous membrane of the colon
pyrosis
heartburn
regurgitation
return of swallowed food into the mouth
ulcer
open sore
volvulus
twisting of the intestines upon itself causing an obstruction