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355 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abd
Abdomen
AB
Abortion
a.c.
Before meals (ante cibum)
ACE
Angiotension converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors are used to treat hypertension)
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (secreted by the pituitary gland)
AD
Right ear (auris dextra)
ADH
Antidiuretic hormone (secreted by the pituitary gland)
ad lib.
Freely as desired (ad libitum)
AIDS
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
alb
Albumin (protein)
ALL
Acute lymphocytic leukemia
alk phos
Alkaline phosphatase (enzyme elevated in liver disease)
ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease)
ALT
Alanine transaminase (enzyme elevated in liver disease);
AML
Acute myelocytic leukemia
AP
Anteroposterior (front to back)
aq
Water (aqua)
AS
Left ear (auris sinistra)
ASD
Atrial septal defect
ASHD
Arteriosclerotic heart disease
AST
Aspartate transaminase (elevated in liver and heart disease);
AU
Both ears (auris unitas)
BA
Barium
BaE (BE)
Barium enema
B cells
White blood cells (lymphocytes) produced in the bone marrow
b.i.d.
Twice a day (bis in die)
BM
Bowel movement
BP
Blood pressure
BPH
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)
Broncho
Bronchoscopy
BS
Blood sugar
BSE
Breast self-examination
BUN
Blood urea nitrogen (kidney function test)
Bx
Biopsy
C1, C2
First, second cervical vertebra
Ca
Calcium; cancer; carcinoma
CABG
Coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
Coronary artery disease
CAPD
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
cap
Capsule
CBC
Complete blood count
cc
Cubic centimeter (1/1000 liter)
CCU
Coronary care unit
CF
Cystic fibrosis
Chemo
Chemotherapy
CHF
Congestive heart failure
CIN
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
cis
Carcinoma in situ
cm
Centimeter (1/100 meter)
CML
Chronic myelocytic (myelogenous) leukemia
CNS
Central nervous system
c/o
Complains of
C02
Carbon dioxide
COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP
Cerebral palsy; chest pain
CPD
Cephalopelvic disproportion
CPR
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CS
Cesarean section
C-section
Cesarean section
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
CT
Computed tomography (see CT scan)
CT (CAT) scan
Computed axial tomography (x-ray images in cross-section view)
CVA
Cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
CXR
Chest x-ray
D/C
Discontinue; discharge
DES
Diethylstilbestrol (estrogen causing defects in children whose mothers took the drug during pregnancy)
DJD
Degenerative joint disease
diff
Differential (percentages of types of white blood cells)
DM
Diabetes mellitus
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DOB
Date of birth
DOE
Dyspnea on exertion
DRE
Digital rectal examination
DT
Delirium tremens (caused by alcohol withdrawal)
DTR
Deep tendon reflex
DVT
Deep vein thrombosis
Dx
Diagnosis
EBV
Epstein-Barr virus (cause of mononucleosis)
ECG (EKG)
Electrocardiogram
ECT
Electroconvulsive therapy
EDC
Estimated date of confinement (date of delivery - due date in pregnancy)
EEG
Electroencephalogram
EGD
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EMG
Electromyogram
ENT
Ears, nose, throat
Eos
Eosinophil (type of white blood cell)
ER
Emergency room; estrogen receptor
ERCP
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESR
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate; see sed. rate
ESRD
End-stage renal disease
ESWL
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy,  electrohydraulic shock-wave lithotripsy
ETOH
Ethyl alcohol,  ethanol
FBS
Fasting blood sugar
Fe
Iron
FH
Family history
FHT
Fetal heart tones
FSH
Follicle-stimulating hormone (secreted by the pituitary gland)
F/u
Follow-up
5-FU
5-Fluorouracil (drug used in cancer chemotherapy)
FUO
Fever of unknown origin
Fx:
Fracture
g (gm)
Gram
Ga
Gallium (element used in nuclear medicine diagnostic tests)
GB
Gallbladder
GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GH
Growth hormone (secreted by the pituitary gland)
GI
Gastrointestinal
Grav 1, 2
First, second pregnancy
gtt
Drop, drops
GTT
Glucose tolerance test
GU
Genitourinary
GYN
Gynecology
H
Hydrogen
h
Hour
HBV
Hepatitis B virus
HCG
Human chorionic gonadotropin (secreted during pregnancy)
HCT (hct)
Hematocrit
HEENT
Head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat
HD
Hemodialysis (artificial kidney machine)
HDL
High-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol)
Hg
Mercury
HGB (hgb)
Hemoglobin (levels of hgb in blood)
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus
h/o
History of
H2O
Water
HPV
Human papilloma virus
HRT
Hormone replacement therapy
h.s.
At bedtime (hora somni)
HSG
Hysterosalpingogram
HSV 1, 2
Herpes simplex virus type 1, 2
HTN
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Hx:
History
I
Iodine
ICU
Intensive care unit
IDDM
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1)
IM
Intramuscular
INH
Isoniazid (drug to treat tuberculosis)
IOL
Intraocular lens (implant)
IUD
Intrauterine device
IV
Intravenous
IVP
Intravenous pyelogram
K
Potassium
kg
Kilogram (1000 grams)
KUB
Kidneys, ureters, bladder (x-ray examination)
L
Liter; lower
L
Left
L1, L2
First, second lumbar vertebra
LA
Left atrium
lat
Lateral
LB
Large bowel
LD, LDH
Lactate dehydrogenase (elevations associated with heart attacks)
LDL
Low-density lipoprotein  (bad cholesterol)
LE
Lupus erythematosus
LEEP
Loop electrocautery excision procedure/loop electrosurgical excision procedure
LES
Lower esophageal sphincter
LLQ
Left lower quadrant (of the abdomen)
LMP
Last menstrual period
LP
Lumbar puncture
LT
Laryngotracheal
LUQ
Left upper quadrant (of the abdomen)
LV
Left ventricle
LVH
Left ventricular hypertrophy
lymphs
Lymphocytes
lytes
Electrolytes
m
Meter
MCH
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCV
Mean corpuscular volume
MD
Medical doctor; muscular dystrophy
mets
Metastases
mg
Milligram (1/1000 gram)
Mg
Magnesium
MH
Marital history; mental health
MI
Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
mL,  ml
Milliliter (1/1000 liter)
mm
Millimeter (1/1000 meter)
mmHg
Millimeters of mercury (measurement of blood pressure)
mono
Monocytes (type of white blood cell)
MRA
Magnetic resonance angiography
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging
MS
Mitral stenosis; multiple sclerosis; musculoskeletal
MVP
Mitral valve prolapse
NB
Newborn
NED
No evidence of disease
NG tube
Nasogastric tube
NIDDM
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2)
NKDA
No known drug allergies
NPO
Nothing by mouth (nulli per os)
NSAID
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSR
Normal sinus rhythm (of the heart)
NTP
Normal temperature and pressure
O2
Oxygen
OA
Osteoarthritis
OB
Obstetrics
O.D.
Right eye  (oculus dexter)
OPD
Outpatient department
OR
Operating room
ORIF
Open reduction, internal fixation (to set a broken bone)
O.S.
Left eye  (oculus sinister)
os
Mouth. opening
O.U.
Both eyes (oculus uterque)
P
After
P
Plan, posterior; pulse, phosphorus
PA
Posteroanterior (back to front)
PAC
Premature atrial contraction
pC02
Arterial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood;
palp
Palpable, palpation (examine by touch)
PaO2
Arterial pressure of oxygen in the blood; also written PO2
PAP smear
Papanicolaou smear
Para 1, 2
Woman having produced one, two viable offspring
p.c.
After a meal
PD
Peritoneal dialysis
PDN
Private duty nurse
PE
Physical examination
per
by
PERRLA
Pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
PET
Positron emission tomography
PE tube
Ventilating tube for the eardrum
PFT
Pulmonary function test
Ph
Hydrogen ion concentration
PH
Past history
PI
Present illness
PID
Pelvic inflammatory disease
PKU
Phenylketonuria (test for lack of an enzyme in infants)
p.m.
Afternoon
PMH
Past medical history
PND
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PNS
Peripheral nervous system
PO
Postoperative
p.o.
By mouth
POLYS
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes
poplit
Popliteal (behind the knee)
post-op
After operation
p.p.
After meals  (postprandial); after birth  (postpartum)
PPBS
Postprandial blood sugar
PPD
Purified protein derivative (skin test for tuberculosis)
PR
Per rectum
pre-op
Before operation
prep
Prepare for
p.r.n.
As needed 
procto
Proctoscopy (visual examination of the anus and rectum)
proTime
Prothrombin time (blood clotting test)
PSA
Prostate-specific antigen
PT
Prothrombin time
pt
Patient
PTA
Prior to admission (to hospital)
PTCA
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (balloon angioplasty)
PTH
Parathyroid hormone
PTR
Patient to return
PTT
Partial thromboplastin time  (blood clotting test)
PVC
Premature ventricular contraction (abnormal heart rhythm)
q
Each, every  (quaque)(
q.d.
Every day  (quaque die)
q.h.
Every hour (qiaque hora)
q.2h.
Every two hours
q.i.d.
Four times a day (quater in die)
q.n.
Every night  (quaque nocte)
q.n.s.
Every night  (quaque nox)
QNS
Quantity not sufficient
q.s.
Quantity sufficient
qt
Quart
R, RT. Rt. r
Right
R
Repiration
RA
Rheumatoid arthritis
RBC, rbc
Red blood cell
RIA
Radioimmunoassay
RLQ
Right lower quadrant (of the abdomen)
R/O
Rule out
ROM
Range of motion
ROS
Review of systems
RP
Retrograde pyelogram (urogram)
RR
Recovery room; respiration rate
RRR
Regular rate and rhythm (of the heart)
RT
Radiation therapy
RUQ
Right upper quadrant (of the abdomen)
RV
Right ventricle (of the heart)
Rx
Treatment (recipe)
s
Without (sine)
S1, S2
First, second sacral vertebra
S-A node
Sinoatrial node (pacemaker of the heart)
SBFT
Small bowel follow-through   (x-ray of the small intestine)
sed. rate
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (time it takes red blood cells to settle out of blood)
segs
Segmented white blood cells (granulocytes)
s.gl.
Without glasses
SGOT (AST)
Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (high blood levels associated with liver and heart disease)
SGPT(ALT)
Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (high blood levels associated with liver disease)line up
SH
Social history
Sig
To be labelled according to the dose
SLE
Systemic lupus erythematosus
SOAP
Subjective (symptoms perceived by the patient) data, Objective (examination findings) data, Assessment (evaluation of condition), Plan (goals for treatment)
SOB
Shortness of breath
S/P
Status post (previous disease condition)
SPECT
Single photon emission computed tomography
sp.gr.
Specific gravity
subq.
Subcutaneous
Staph
Staphylococci (bacteria)
stat
Immediately (statim)
STD
Sexually transmitted disease
Strep
Streptococci (bacteria)
Sx
symptoms
T
Temperature
T1, T2
First, second thoracic vertebra
T3
Triiodothyronine (thyroid gland hormone)
T4
Thyroxine (thyroid gland hormone)
TA
Therapeutic abortion
tab
Tablet
TAH
Total abdominal hysterectomy
TB
Tuberculosis
T cells
Lymphocytes originating in the thymus gland
TEE
Transesophageal echocardiogram
TIA
Transient ischemic attack
t.i.d.
Three times a day
TLC
Total lung capacity
TM
Tympanic membrane
TNM
Tumor, nodes, metastasis (staging system for cancer)
tomos
Tomograms (x-ray images to show an organ in depth)
TPN
Total parenteral nutrition
TPR
Temperature, pulse, respiration
TSH
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (secreted by the pituitary gland)
TUR,TURP
Transurethral resection of the prostate gland
TVH
Total vaginal hysterectomy
Tx
Treatment
UA, U/A
Urinalysis
UE
Upper extremity
UGI
Upper gastrointestinal
umb
Navel (umbilical cord region)
ung
Ointment
U/O
Urine output
URI
Upper respiratory infection
u/s
Ultrasound
UTI
Urinary tract infection
UV
Ultraviolet
VA
Visual acuity
VC
Vital capacity (of lungs)
VCUG
Voiding cystourethrogram
VF
Visual field
V/S
Vital signs
VSD
Ventricular septal defect
V tach, VT
Ventricular tachycardia (abnormal heart rhythm)
WBC, wbc
White blood cell; white blood count
WDWN
Well developed, well nourished
W/C
Wheelchair
wd
Wound
WNL
Within normal limits
Wt
Weight
W/u
Work-up
Y/O
Year(s) old
I and D (I&D)
Incision and drainage
L and W (L&W)
Living and well
C and S (C&S)
Culture and sensitivity
T and A (T&A)
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
A and P (A&P)
Auscultation and percussion
A and W (A&W)
Alive and well
I and O (I&O)
Intake and output (measurement of patient's fluids)
D and C (D&C)
Dilatation and curettage (of the uterine lining)