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30 Cards in this Set

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Hematemesis
Bloody vomitis
Polyuria
Excessive urination
Tidal Volume
Average volume of gas inhaled or exchanged in one respiratory cycle.
Korotkoff's Sounds
Sounds of blood hitting arterial walls.
Pulse Pressure
The difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Diastole
The period of time when the myocardium is relaxed and cardiac filling and coronary perfusion occur.
Cullen's Sign
Discoloration around the umbilicus suggestive of intra-abdominal hemorrhage.
Grey Turner's Sign
Discoloration over the flanks suggesting intra-abdominal bleeding.
Crepitus
Crunching or crackling sounds of fracture ends or unlubricated joints rubbing against each other.
Babinski's Reflex
A response in which the big toe dorsiflexes and the other toes fan out when sole is stimulated
Mechanism of Injury (MOI)
The process and forces that cause trauma.
Index of Suspicion
The anticipation of injury to a body region, organ, or structure based on analysis of the MOI.
Multiplex Communication
Communication system that transmits and receives on the same frequency.
Automatic Collision Notification (ACN) System
Data collection and transmission system that can automatically contact a national call center or local public safety answering point and transmit specific crash data.
PSAP
Public Safety Answering Point -
An agency that takes emergency calls from citizens in a given region and dispatches the necessary emergency resources.
Stridor
Predominantly high-pitched inspiratory sound. It indicates a partial obstruction of the larnyx and trachea.
Pleural Rubs
Squeaking or grating sounds of the pleural linings rubbing together. Occur where the pleural layers are inflamed and have lost their lubrication. Common in pneumonia and pleurisy (inflammation of the pleura). Because these sounds occur whenever your patient's chest wall moves, they appear during the entire respiratory cycle.
Asymmetry
Lack of symmetry. No correspondence in shape, size and relative position of parts on opposite sides of the body.
Battle Sign (retroauricular eccymosis)
Black-and Blue discoloration over the mastoid process (just behind the ear) that is characteristic of basilar skull fracture
Crackles (rales)
Light crackling, popping, non-musical sounds similar to Rice Krispies. Produced by air passing through moisture in the bronchoaveolar system. Heard during inspiration. Occurs first at base of lungs.
Rhonchi
Continuous sounds with lower pitch and a snoring quality. Caused by secretions in the larger airways, a common finding in bronchitis (diffuse) and pneumonia (localized). Usually appear in early exhalation but may occur in early inspiration as well.
Wheezes
Continuous high-pitched musical sounds similar to a whistle. Results when air moves through partially obstructed smaller airways. Often originate in the small bronchioles and first appear at the end of exhalation. Causes include asthma, bronchospasm, and foreign bodies.
Chief complaint
The pain, discomfort, or dysfunction that caused the patient to request help.
referred pain
Pain that is felt from a location away from its source
Symptom
Any change in the body or its functions, as perceived by the patient. (subjective)
Sign
Any OBJECTIVE evidence or manifestation of an illness or disordered function of the body.
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
Sudden onset of SOB at night after lying down.
Decorticate Posturing
Characteristic associated with a lesion at or above the upper brainstem. The patient presents with the arms flexed, fists clenched, and legs extended.
Orthopnea
Difficulty breathing while lying supine.
Decerebrate Posturing
arms and legs extended.