Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/91

Click to flip

91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Background: Historical/Political: What became the main focus of the middle class?
individualism among races and nationalities
Background: Historical/Political: What was the core emphasis of the political upheaveal?
individual and national rights
Background:
Social/Economical: What laid the foundation for the Industrial Revolution?
neoclassical rationalism
Background:
Social/Economical: What became the main focus of attention in this area?
The worker and middle-class owner
Background:
Social/Economical: What was the shift economically? (from ____ society to _____)
Agraian (farming) to industrial (factories)
Background:
Social/Economical: What book did Adam Smith write that talked about free trade, free markets, and free competition?
The Wealth of Nations
Background:
Social/Economical: What book did Karl Marx write that formulated the theories of socialism?
Das Kapital
Background:
Scientific: Who developed the steam engine?
James Watt
Background:
Scientific: Name some inventions that pushed man's technological development farther than ever before.
Steam ship, telegraph, iron/steel works, etc.
Background:
Scientific: After 1800 what scientific study became formally recognized?
Biology
Background:
Scientific: ________ is to 19th Century as religion is to the middle ages
Science
Background:
Philosophical/Religious: Which country spawned most of the religious thinking in the 18th/19th centuries?
Germany
Background:
Philosophical/Religious: What was the religious movement spawned in the 18th/19th centuries refered to as and what was its aim?
Strum and Drang ("Storm and Stress"); to overthrow the cult of Rationalism
Background:
Philosophical/Religious: What "cult" replaced religion in the 18th/19th centuries?
Nature
Background:
Philosophical/Religious: What way of life replaced self-discipline?
Egotism
Characteristics of Romantic Thinking: What does the acrostic SIN stand for?
Sentimentality
Individualism
Nature
Where did the Romantics feel that the "riddle of man" must find it's answer?
The heart
Sentimentality did not produce what?
Happiness
What is the chief sentiment?
Love
What did nature include?
The totality of existence; human and non human, animate and inanimate
What is the Romantics' view of nature?
the physical world (oceans, forests, animals, etc)-- APART FROM MAN; man is separate from and most often inferior to Nature
What two kinds of freedom did the Romantics believe they should have?
Personal and political
How can the Romantics accomplish freedom?
By revolution
What are the five elements in romantic lit?
Sympathy with Nature
Concern with the exotic past
Air of supernatural
Discontentment with the rational
Elevation of the imagination
What country was Rousseau born in and which country are his writings associated with?
Switzerland; France
Who wrote confessions?
Rousseau
What genre is Confessions?
Autobiography
How does Rousseau's Confessions differ from Augustine's?
Content
What does Confessions display?
Man's mental imbalance, dubious morality, and negative views toward society
What is the style of Confessions?
Natural and irregular; projects a double image; abandons factual accounts
Where does Truth lie and where doesn't it lie?
The heart; external conditions
What are the 3 themes of Confessions?
1-Individuality justifies one's moral position and behavior.
2-Love provides its own rationale for existence.
3- Whenever feelings conflict with intellect, feelings prove superior.
What are Rousseau's chains?
inner-self, imagination, an all too impressionable soul
Where was Alexander Pushkin from?
Russia
What were the two elements that made The Queen of Spades Romantic?
1- Ghost Story
2- Love story
Who wrote The Queen of Spades?
Pushkin
Describe the character of Hermann in The Queen of Spades.
He has a will to succeed but keeps his mean spirit and obsession with $.
Describe the character of Lisaveta in The Queen of Spades.
She suffers victimization but she lacks moral force and determination. She marries for liberation, not love.
Describe the character of The Countess in The Queen of Spades.
She has a strong will but abuses the power of her money and her rank by not caring about the feelings of others.
What does the queen of spades symbolize?
Death; spiritual death of the characters
Where was William Blake from?
England
Who wrote Songs of Innocence?
William Blake
What kind of setting is Songs of Innocence?
Pastoral
What are the two symbols of innocence in Songs of Innocence?
the child and the lamb
Who are the speakers in Songs of Innocence?
The Poet and the child
What genre is Songs of Innocence?
Poetry
Where was William Wordsworth from?
England
Who wrote Ode on Intimations of Immorality?
Wordsworth
What genre is Ode on Intimations of Immorality?
Poetry
What does Ode on Intimations of Immorality record?
The poet's loss of visionary perception he recieved from nature
Who wrote The World is Too Much With Us?
Wordsworth
What genre is The World is Too Much With Us?
Poetry
What does The World is Too Much With Us consider?
The incapacity of industrialized humans to respond to nature
Where was Samuel Taylor Coleridge from?
England
Who did Coleridge work closely with on some works?
Wordsworth
What is Coleridge the founding father of in England?
Modern Literary Criticism
Who wrote Kubla Khan?
Coleridge
Who wrote Dejection: An Ode?
Coleridge
What genre is Kubla Khan?
Poetry
What genre is Dejection: An Ode?
Poetry
Where was Percy Bysshe Shelley from?
England
Who wrote Ode to the West Wind?
Shelley
What genre is Ode to the West Wind?
Poetry
Who wrote A Defense of Poetry?
Shelley
What objects supply death imagery in Ode to the West Wind?
leaves, clouds, waves
What is the underlying theme of Ode to the West Wind?
The poet must first reform people's minds before social reform can happen
Where is John Keats from?
England
Which two poets reflect the attempt to find values within themselves?
Wordsworth and Keats
Who wrote Ode on a Grecian Urn?
Keats
According to Ode on a Grecian Urn, what does Truth equal?
Beauty (and vice versa)
Who wrote Ode to a Nightingale?
Keats
What genre is Ode to a Grecian Urn?
Poetry
What genre is Ode to a Nightingale?
Poetry
Where was Frederick Douglass from?
America
Who wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave?
Douglass
What genre is Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave?
Autobiography
Whose biography is Douglass's autobiography often compared to?
Benjamin Franklin
What are similarities b/t Douglass's and Franklin's autobiographies?
1- Determination to escape circumstances of birth
2- Cause and effect relationship in life
What are differences b/t Douglass's and Franklin's autobiographies?
1- Franklin wrote to instruct his son
2- Douglass wrote to instruct Americans about the conditions of slavery
How does Douglass's work contrast with Rousseau's?
Douglass focuses on a communal individualism and freedom, not personal like Rousseau
What are the two avenues of freedom in Narrative of the Life?
Education and violence
What concept is reason (sensory perception) related to?
Rationalism
What concept is Reason (intuition) related to?
Transcendentalism
Who are two authors who present the optimistic and positive view of the transcendentalists?
Emerson and Rousseau
Who are two authors who present the pessimistic and negative view of the transcendentalists?
Hawthorne and Melville
Where was Herman Melville from?
America
Who wrote Billy Budd?
Melville
What genre is Billy Budd?
Fiction novel
Who are the five great authors of the "American Renaissance?"
Thoreau, Emerson, Whitman, Hawthorne, and Melville
What other novel related to the sea is Melville famous for?
Moby Dick
Which Biblical character does Billy Budd represent?
Christ