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19 Cards in this Set

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Geocentric Theory
That the earth is an immovable objectat the center of the universe
Nicolaus Copernicus
Reasoned taht the stars, earth and other planets revolve around the sun. He was questioning the church's beliefs.
Galileo
Built a telescope and backed up Copernicus' theory in his book.
Hypotheses
An educated guess that may be answered by an experiment.
Excommunication
The taking away of a person's rights of membership in a Christian church.
Rene Descartes
"I think, therefore I am."
Had something to do with the scientific method.
Francis Bacon
Helped with the scientific method. Could possibly be Shakespeare.
Scientific Method
Experimentation and observation are used to test hypotheses.
Isaac Newton
Set the foundation of physics. Newtons Laws of Motion.
Robert Boyle
Founder of modern chemistry. Boyle's Law (compared pressure, volume and temperature)
Edward Jenner
Made a vaccine that prevented small pox.
Natural Law
A law whose consent is set by nature. Many different theories, such as Hobbes' and Locke's.
John Locke
Felt that people were good and moral by nature. "two treaties of governemtn"
Thomas Hobbes
Felt that people wre evil by nature and need a government to be set right. "Leviathan"
Social Contract
Agreement by which people define/limit their indiv. rights to create an organized society and gov't.
Voltaire
Idea of freedom of thought and expression; Idea of religious freedom.
Rousseau
He believe that everyone was equal and that a monarchy was unjust. Social Contract.
Montesquieu
Idea of seperation of powers
Mary Wollstonecraft
Women's Equality