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24 Cards in this Set

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alkaline
a solution in which a base has completely dissociated in water to yield
aqueous OH– ions
amphoteric
any species that can react as either an acid or a base
Arrhenius acid
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of
hydrogen ions, H+, in aqueous solution
Arrhenius base
a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions,
OH–, in aqueous solution
binary acid
an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and
one of the more-electronegative elements
Brønsted-Lowry acid
a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
Brønsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
the transfer of protons from one reactant
(the acid) to another (the base)
Brønsted-Lowry base
a molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
conjugate acid
the species that is formed when a Brønsted-Lowry base gains a
proton
conjugate base
the species that remains after a Brønsted-Lowry acid has given
up a proton
diprotic acid
an acid that can donate two protons per molecule
Lewis acid
an atom, ion, or molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a
covalent bond
Lewis acid-base reaction
the formation of one or more covalent bonds
between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor
Lewis base
an atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a
covalent bond
monoprotic acid
an acid that can donate only one proton (hydrogen ion) per
molecule
neutralization
the reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form
water molecules
oxyacid
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element,
usually a non-metal
polyprotic acid
an acid that can donate more than one proton per
molecule
salt
an ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an
acid
strong acid
an acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
triprotic acid
an acid able to donate three protons per molecule
weak acid
an acid that is a weak electrolyte and releases few hydrogen ions in aqueous solution
acid rain
rainwater is normally slightly acidic, but sometimes rain is very acidic and is called
glacial acetic acid
pure acetic acid is a clear, colorless, and pungent-smelling liquid known as