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7 Cards in this Set

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photosynthesis
a process in which plant cells take carbon dioxide from the air and convert CO2 and water into sugars
cell wall
a rigid layer that lies on the outside of the cell's plasma membrane, contains a carb called cellulose
central vacuole
large, fluid filled organelle that stores not just water but also enzymes, metabolic wastes, and other materials
plastids
organelles that are surrounded by a double membrane and contain their own DNA, a unique feature in plant cells
chloroplasts
organelle that uses light energy to make carbs from carbon dioxide and water
thylakoids
a system of flattened, membranous sacs inside a chloroplast
chlorophyll
a green pigment, the main molecule that absorbs light and captures light energy for the cell