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41 Cards in this Set

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medium
the actual physical material chosen as a vehicle of expression for any work of art.
linear perspective
Mathematically-based perspective, ordered round a central vanishing point
aerial perspective
The illusion of distance in the landscape in a painting achieved by making objects paler and bluer the further they are from the viewer.
vanishing point
Point towards which perspectival lines (orthogonals) converge
contour
outline of drawing without mass or depth
impasto
Term for paint that is thickly applied to a canvas or panel so that it stands in relief and retains the marks of the brush or palette knife
picture plane
The plane occupied by the surface of a picture. Since the development of perspectival theories in the Renaissance, the picture plane has been considered as the equivalent of a window through which the spectator views the world depicted in the picture.
chiaroscuro
describe the effects of light and dark in a work of art, particularly when they are strongly contrasting
iconography
descriptive and classificatory investigation of subject matter in the arts.
Salon
Normally refers to the exhibitions which took place in Paris under the auspices of the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture.
genre
referring to a type of picture that shows scenes from everyday life
hue
the dimension of colour which is referred to a scale ranging through red, yellow, green, blue, corresponding to the sensations experienced from stimulation by light of various wavelengths and ranging over the visible section of the spectrum
tone
the dimension of colour referred to a scale running from dim to bright
1648
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
1737
First public Salons
1789
French Revolution
1804
Napolean as Emperor
en plein air
"in the open air", and is particularly used to describe the act of painting outdoors.
avant garde
a term taken from the French which originally applied to the foremost part of an army, or vanguard, and was used in this sense in English from the 15th to 19th century. However, since the early 20th century (Daily Telegraph, 1 July 1910) it has been used to describe contemporary pioneers or innovators in any of the arts and also signifies work which challenges accepted standards.
1848
Revolution
1863
Salon des Refuses
1860s-1870s
Haussmann's redesign of Paris
1871
Paris Commune and the Franco-Prussian War
1874
First Impressionist Exhibition
pointillism
Technique of employing a point, or small dot, of colour to create the maximum colour intensity in a Neo-Impressionist canvas.
divisionism
Divisionism refers to the separation of colour into individual strokes of pigment, in accord with colour theories, rather than to the points themselves.
primitivism
primitivism purports to be: instinctive and spontaneous, or raw, physical, even transgressive expression
fauvism
concentration on a use of colour freed from a purely descriptive role and employed, instead, for expressive and emotional effect.
expressionism
it is employed with reference to two German movements of the early 20th century, Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter, both of which utilized heightened, non-naturalistic colour and striking forms to key up the emotional content of their work.
woodcut/woodblock prints
is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper
abstract
A term which can generally be applied to any non-representational art
synaesthesia
indicating literally a union of sensation, appears to have provided a source of inspiration to many working within the arts.
1881-1882
economic depression in Europe
1888
Van Gogh in Arles
1891
Gauguin in Tahiti
1905
first Fauve exhibit
1905
The Bridge
1911
The Blue Rider
analytic cubism
based on reducing natural forms to their basic geometrical parts. These three dimensional parts were then reconciled on a two-dimensional plane using subdued colors to the point where painting were nearly monochromatic.
synthetic cubism
In Synthetic Cubism, the artist uses strong colors and decorative shapes to dismantle an object and reassemble or "synthesize" its essential structural lines.
collage
a pictorial technique in which pieces of cut paper of all shapes and types are combined and stuck down on to another surface to create a design.