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12 Cards in this Set

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storehouse metaphor
quantity-oriented approach to memory. predominant concern with how much is remembered.
correspondence metaphor
the basic criterion for evaluating memory is not the quantity of items remaining in store, but rather the correspondence between what the person reports and what actually happened. entails an additional concern with the quality of memory
computer metaphor
internal organization,coding, processing, and transformation, yet it has served primarily to reinforce the fundamental storehouse features – the input, storage, and retrieval of discrete units of information.
Cognitive learning theories
explain learning as an internal process of acquiring knowledge and skills . A central theoretical term of these theories is cognition , defined as the totality of processes involved in the perception of information, its organization, and its storage in memory.
Knowledge representations
means of calling ideas, thoughts, imaginations, and feelings to consciousness. Theories of mental representations deal with the form and function of individual knowledge. The central question is how human beings represent information mentally, and how they use this information to interact with the world in adaptive ways.
Schemata and mental models
central functions for adapting the individual to the environment
Information Processing Theory
approaches learning primarily through the study of
memory and how to retrieve that memory
Information Processing Theory
approaches learning primarily through the study of memory and how to retrieve that memory
steps of information processing
Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
Encoding
getting the information into the memory system:
Storage
how information is represented and kept in memory
Retrieval
getting the information back out of memory