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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-oxybutynin HCl


-tx of overactive bladder
-flavoxate HCl


-tx of overactive bladder
-imipramine HCl

-tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

-control of childhood enuresis


-tx and prophylaxis of UTI (esp. those caused by staph and e. coli)

-broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone

-tx of UTI, anthrax

-thiazide-like diuretic

-tx of hypertension and edema (associated with congestive heart failure {CHF})

-loop diuretic

-tx of hypertension and edema (ass'd with CHF and chronic renal failure {CRF})

-thiazide diuretic

-tx of hypertension, edema (w/ CHF and CRF)
-phenazopyridine HCl

-urinary tract analgesic

-palliative tx of UTI

*may turn urine orange-red
*often used with Macrodantin in tx of UTI
-antibiotic combo

-tx of UTI

*aka Septra

*available as DS

*sequential blockade
-cefadroxil monohydrate

-broad-spectrum first generation cephalosporin antibiotic

-tx of UTI, may cause yeast infections

*related to penicillin antibiotics
-tetracycline (TCN)

-broad-spectrum antibiotic

-tx and prophylaxis of UTI

*contraindicated in children under 8 and pregnant women

-first generation cephalosporin antibiotic

-tx of UTI

-androgen hormone inhibitor

-tx of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and hair loss (alopecia)
-tamsulosin HCl


-tx of BPH and hypertension
-hydrochlorothiazide (HCTz)

-thiazide diuretic

-tx of hypertension and edema

*most often prescribed thiazide diuretic

-potassium-sparing diuretic

-tx of hypertension and edema

*off-label use: tx of hypokalemia

-potassium-sparing diuretic

-tx of hypertension and edema

-loop diuretic

-tx of hypertension and edema

*most widely prescribed loop diuretic

-fluoroquinolone antibiotic

-tx of UTI, pneumonia, bronchitis
tricyclic antidepressant; one of the earliest classes of antidepressants
class of medication that blocks nerve impulses to smooth (involuntary) muscle to reduce muscle spasms; has an antispasmodic effect on smooth muscle
class of antibiotics; inhibit bacteria DNA synthesis which stops them from reproducing.

may cause toxicity (especially to the body's tendons)

look for "flox" within a drug's generic name to pick out this class of medication
a word used to describe antibiotics with the ability to kill a wide variety of micro-organisms.

Broad-spectrum can be found in different classes of antibiotics (ie, fluoroquinolones, penicillins, etc)
a medication used to treat pain
loop diuretic
a medication that increases urinary output by inhibiting reabsorption of H20 at the Loop of Henle in the nephron.
This helps to reduce swelling in the body (edema) and hypertension.

These are the most potent type of diuretic, yielding the most urinary output of all the classes.

The most often prescribed drug from this class is furosemide.

This class of drugs may also lead to ototoxicity.
thiazide diuretic
a medication that helps to lower the amount of water that is retained in the body. Its action occurs at the proximal renal tubule (where sodium is reabsorbed back into the body).

The most commonly prescribed thiazide diuretic is hydrochlorothiazide.

The urinary output is less than that of loop diuretic.

These drugs treat hypertension and edema and are not linked to ototoxicity.
potassium-sparing diuretic
a medication that reduces the amount of water retained by the body AND helps the body to retain potassium, an important electrolyte.

These drugs are used in the treatment of hypertension and edema, but the urinary output is least of all the diuretics.

These drugs are also used to treat hypokalemia (low potassium)
a type of antibiotic which is related to penicillin (PCN)antibiotics

Many people with a hypersensitivity to PCN will have a hypersensitivity to cephalosporin.

These drugs are derived from a fungus.

The mechanism of action for cephalosporins is destruction of the bacterial cell wall.

Look for "cef", "ceph" or "sef" in generic drug names to indicate a cephalosporin classification.
antibacterial medications also known as "sulfa drugs"

These drugs slow down the growth of bacteria.

Mainly used to treat UTI and burns.

This medication should be taken with plenty of water so the sulfa does not crystallize in the kidney (which may lead to calculi)
a type of antibiotic that is derived from mold.

The mechanism of action for penicillins is inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis.

Many generic penicillins will end with "-cillin" and many of the trade/brand names have "pen" in their name.

Many people have an allergy to penicillins.