Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/80

Click to flip

80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which civilization had ziggurats?
Sumerians
In which civilization is the afterlife a "cave of no return"?
Sumerians
Which civilization worshipped Assur, the god of war?
Assyrians
In which civilization was trade important?
Phoenicians
2 Gods, Good and Evil
Persians
Ethical Monotheism
Hebrews
10 Commandments and Old Testament
Hebrews
Polytheistic, no afterlife, human sacrifice
Phoenecians
Invented wheel, sail, plow, cuneiform
Sumerians
Sargon and Ur-Nammu
Akkadians
First Law Code
Akkadians
Code of Laws with 282 specific laws that applied to different people?
Babylonians
Hammurabi
Babylonians
Invented iron
Hittites
Most hated of the ancient peoples, focused mostly on war
Assyrians
Libraries
Assyrians
Ninevah, surrounded by huge wall
Assyrians
Assurbanipal, emperor
Assyrians
Calendar within minutes of todays
New Babylonians
Hanging Gardens
New Babylonians
Nebuchadnezzar
New Babylonians
Coined Money
Lydians
Cyrus, Xerxes, and Darius, tolerant rulers
Persians
Purple Dye, alphabet
Phoenecians
Solomon, David, Moses, Abraham
Hebrews
Which Egyptian kingdom was Narmur from?
Old Kingdom
2 kingdoms of Egypt?
Upper and Lower Egypt
Which Egyptian age had pyramids and theocracy?
Old
Papyrus
Paper made of reeds
Hieroglyphs
complex pictographs
Theocracy
Government rule based on religious authority
Hatshepsut
Female pharoah, New Kingdom
Ramses II
Treaty maker
Thutmose III
Warlike, expanded empire
Empire Age of Egypt
New Kingdom
Valley of Kings
Middle Kingdom
Chariots were used in which Egyptian kingdom?
New
Scribes
Men of learning who could write
What did Herodotus want to know about the pyramids?
How they were built
Government of Egypt
Theocracy
Inundation
Annual Predictable overflow of Nile River
Pharoah
Ruler of ancient Egypt, living son of Re
Valley of Kings
Replaced pyramids, not easily broken into, "condos" for the dead
Great Pyramid was built in
Giza
Ka
Spiritual double, needed an intact body to recognize
Mustaba
Rectangular tomb for the nobles
Necropolis
City of the dead, contained temples and massive walls
Who was the great pyramid built for?
Khufu
How big is the Great Pyramid?
2,000,000 blocks of stone, 13 acres
Rosetta stone
Translated hieroglyphics into Greek
Embalming
Mummification, took 70 days
Isis
Osiris's wife
Themes of legend of Osiris
Mummification, pharoah is king in afterlife
Only group in Egypt with social mobility
scribes
Loess
Yellow silt from Huang He river
Anyang
Capital of ancient Shang
Mandate of Heaven
balance between good and evil, must be kept or emperor gets thrown out
Mhat
balance between good and evil, must be kept or emperor gets thrown out
Feudalism
King gives land and peasant to lords in exchange for military service
What was unique about ancient Chinese writing?
No correlation between written and spoken language, each character stood for a syllable
Dynastic Cycle
Pattern of rise and fall of dynasties
Role of family
Elders were respected, women were inferior
Oracle bones
tortoise shells with messages written on them
Ancestor Worship
belief that ancestors provide and guide a family; ancestors were given gifts
Which civilization invented crossbows?
The Chinese
Which civilization had advanced metalworking?
The Chinese
Planned Gridlike Cities were found in what civ?
Ancient India
Shiva
Major Hindu god
Sophisticated plumbing was in which civ?
Ancient India
Indus and Ganges rivers in which area?
India
Thriving trade with gold, semiprecious stones, silver, and cotton in which civilization?
Ancient India
Monsoon
Winds, blew rain in huge amounts, caused unpredictable floods
Wu-Ding
13th century BC Chinese king
Foo-now
Wife of Wu-Ding, female general
Which group of people in ancient Chinese civ were drunks and alcoholics?
Aristocrats and kings
Was the great wall of China solid rock?
No, 2 walls with dirt and dead bodies in between
Torture
the way the Chinese kept people in line
Psychological warfare
sending convicts to the front lines to commit suicide in front of the enemy to freak 'em out
Passports were inventedy by which civ?
The Chinese
How was flooding in ancient China curbed?
Dams, canals, locks