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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Any normative Jewish law, custom, practice, or rite - or the entire complex. _______is law established or custom ratified by authoritative rabbinic jurists and teachers. Colloquially, if something is deemed ______ic, it is considered proper and normative behavior.
(adj. halakic)
_______ is the digest of Jewish oral halakah as it existed at the end of the 2nd century; it was collated, edited and revised by Rabbi Judah the Prince. The code is divided into six major units and sixty-three minor ones. The work is the authoritative legal tradition of the early sages and is the basis of the legal discussions of the Talmud. In traditional Jewish pharisaic/rabbinic thought, God reveals instructions for living through both the written scriptures and through a parallel process of orally transmitted traditions.
Mishnah (Oral Law)
More than a century after the rabbis of Palestine edited their discussions of the Mishnah and created the Palestinian ______ (______ Yerushalmi), some of the leading Babylonian rabbis compiled another editing of the discussions on the Mishnah. By then, these deliberations had been going on some three hundred years. The Babylonian edition was far more extensive than its Palestinian counterpart, and the Babylonian ______ (______ Bavli) became the most authoritative compilation of the Oral Law. When people speak of studying "the ______," they almost invariably mean the Bavli rather than the Yerushalmi.
Babylonian Talmud and Palestinian/Jerusalem/Eretz Yisrael Talmud
(Lit. “House of ______”). A school of thought during the Talmudic period named after the students of ______, sometimes contrasted with the generally stricter, more legalistic views of Beit Shammai.
Beit Hillel
(Lit. “House of _______”). A school of thought during the Talmudic period named after the students of _______, sometimes contrasted with the generally more lenient views of Beit Hillel.
Beit Shammai
(Heb., “completion”). Popularly applied to the Jewish Talmud as a whole, to discussions by rabbinic teachers on the Mishnah, and to decisions reached in these discussions. In a more restricted sense, the work of the generations of the Amoraim in “completing” the Mishnah to produce the Talmuds.
Principles of interpretation (from the Greek, “to interpret, translate”). The term is often used with
reference to the study of Jewish scripture.
(Heb., “prepared table”). A code of Jewish law attributed to Joseph Karo in 1565 CE, which became authoritative for classical Judaism.
Shulhan Aruch
(Heb., “telling, narration”). Jewish term for non-halakhic (nonlegal) matter, especially in Talmud and Midrash; includes folklore, legend, theology / theosophy, scriptural interpretations, biography, etc.; not to be confused, however, with the Passover manual called “the H______(h).”
adj. aggadic
"to inquire," whence it comes to mean “exposition” (of scripture). Refers to the “commentary” literature developed in classical Judaism (but that has continued in contemporary times) that attempts to interpret Jewish scriptures in a thorough manner. Literary _______ may focus either on halakha, directing a Jew to specific patterns of religious practice, or on (h)aggada, dealing with theological ideas, ethical teachings, popular philosophy, imaginative exposition, legend, allegory, and even animal fables - that is, whatever is not halakah.
[the word comes from from darash "to inquire,"],