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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the Mishnah?
the 1st written publication of the oral law
what r the סדרים of the mishnah in order with translations?
זרעים-seeds
מועד-time/holiday
נשים-women
נזיקין-damages
קדשים-holy things
טהרות-purities
who compiled the mishnah?
Rabbi Yehudah Hanasi
why was the mishnah compiled?
due 2 many years of persecution the oral law was beginning 2 be 4gotten
what r the 5 eras of rabbinic leadership that led up 2 the time of the תנאים?
משה
יהושע
זקינים
נביאים
אנשי כנסת הגדולה
who is ezra?
1 of the leaders of the jewish commmunity who returned 2 israel
established the אנשי כנסת הגדולה
how many members did the אנשי כנסת הגדולה have?
120
who were originals members of the אנשי כנסת הגדולה and what were they?
חגי זכריה מלאכי-the last 3 Navim
what were the administrative posts of the אנשי כנסת הגדולה called?
נשיא
אב בית דין
who was the last Nasi and who was the last אב בית דין?
Nasi-הלל
אב בית דין-שמאי
who were hillel and שמאי?
they were Tannaim
waht r tannaim?
rabbis whose halachic opinions were recorded in the mishnah
who was the 1st Nasi and אב בית דין of the Sanhedrin?
Nasi-Hillel
שמאי-רב בית דין
how many members did the sanhedrin have?
71
where was the sanhedrin when it was able 2 be there?
beit hamikdash
give the chart of who the nasi was and where the sanhedrin was located.
Nasi-Hillel
Sanhedrin-Beit Hamikdash

Nasi-רבן גמליאל הזקן
Sanhedrin-Beit hamikdash and הר הבית

Nasi-רבן שמעון בן גמליאל הרשאון
Sanhedrin-jerusalem but the 2nd beit hamikdash was destoryed moving the sanhedrin to Yavneh

Nasi-רבן גמליאל דיבנה
Sanhedrin-yavneh

Nasi-רבן שמעון בן גמליאל השני
Sanhedrin-אושא שפרם ובית שערים

Nasi-רבי יהודה הנשיא
Sanhedrin-בית שערים וציפורי
how were Hillel and רבן גמליאל הזקן related?
Hillel was his grandfather
how wer נשיאות inherited?
from father to son or grandfather to grandson
רבן גמליאל דיבנה and his sanhedrin established what and why?
they etablished customs and תקנות because the beit hhamikdash was destroyed
waht r 3 of the customs and תקנות that were established?
public meeting in the Beit HaKnesset
texts and times for prayers
different festival laws
what led 2 the revolt by בר כוכבא?
the romans didnt allow jews to have meetings in the בתי כנסת or the Sanhedrin and they didnt allow other religious practices
why did the sanhedrin move 2 אושא?
the roman forced those who wanted 2 learn torah to the north
what was similar 2 the process we underwent with the class codes and the process Rbbi yehudah hanasi underwent in compiling the mishnah?
We took lists from other classmates chose the ones we liked and rephrased them just like rabbi yehudah hanasi did
how did the mishnayot come be ordered? explain.
1.קבצים-the collections of mishnayot which were collected together based on common features
2.סדרים-the main categories of jewish law in which the mishnayot were categorized
3.מסכתות-the subcategories of jewish law in which the mishnayot were categorized
what were the 2 priorities rabbi yehudah hanasi had when cattegorizing the mishnayot?
1. by subject
2. by keeping the קבצים intact
who is exempt frmo the mitzvah of dwelling in the sukkah?
children who need their moms
women
workers
סדר
order
כולל
include
דברי
the words of
אלא
rather
אינו
doesnt
להזכיר
to mention
פטורין
are exempt
חייב
is obligated/liable
מעשה
story
על גבי
above
בשביל
for
waht r 2 actions 1 must do in the sukkah?
permanent eatting and sleeping
waht part(s) of a person must be in the sukkah when a person is fulfilling his obligation to dwell in it?
head and the majority of the body
waht is the story of the נשים mishnah?
After שמאי‘s daughter in law gave birth, he put סכך over the crib during Sukkot
does שמאי הזקן agree or disagree with the mishnah?
disagrees
what is the dispute between beit hillel and beit שמאי?
weather eating from a table located outside the sukkah invalidates such a dwelling
how does beit hillel and beit שמאי support their positions?
Hillel – They quoted a story where the elders of Beit הלל and the elders of Beit שמאי found someone dwelling appropriately and they were silent about it

שמאי – They quoted a story where the elders of Beit Hillel and the elders of Beit שמאי found someone inappropriately and they corrected him
רוב
majority
בתוך
inside
פוסל
invalidate
מכשיר
validate
ראיה
proof
אף
even
אם כן
if so
נוהג
practice
לקיים
to fulfill
waht is the order of the brachot in the musaf for rosh hashanah according to rabbi yochanan ben nuri? and where do the shofar blowings go?
אבות
גבורות
קדושת השם פסוקי מלכיות
קדושת הוים*
פסוקי זכרונות*
פסוקי שופרות*
עבודה
הודאה
שלום
what is the order of the brachot in the musaf for rosh hashanah according 2 rabbi akiva? and where do the shofar blowings go?
אבות
גבורות
קדושת השם
קדושת הוים *פסוקי מלכיות
פסוקי זכרונות*
פסוקי שופרות*
עבודה
הודאה
שלום
waht r the 2 personalities in the mishnah 4 revadim and what era did they live in?
רבן יוחנן בן זכאי-yavneh

אושא-רבי אלעזר
what was the point of arguement between rabbi yochanan ben nuri and rabbi akiva?
where the מלכיות prayer goes
חל
to fall out on
להתקין
to establish/institute
לא... אלא
not...but
בלבד
alone
אחד... ואחד
both...and
בית דין
court of law
What is the source and rationalle behind the prohibition in the "Revadim" mishnah?
source- rabbis
rationalle- they were concerned people would carry the shofar and violate the rules of shabbat
How when the personalities in the Revadim mishnah lived effect the positions they expressed?
1. since רבי יוחנן בן זכאי lived after the beit hamikdash was destroyed he had to make or adjust the law in response 2 the destrucction
2. since רבי אלעזר lived after רבי יוחנן בן זכאי he had 2 interpret his teachings
Who were the amoraim?
the rabbis who were mentioned in the gemara
what is a gemara?
the interpretation and clarification of the mishnah that was mostly transmitted orally until it was recorded
what is a memra?
an amoraic statement
what language or memrot written in?
85% are in hebrew
15% are in aramaic
What is an indication of a memra?
אמר and then the name of an amora
What is a סתמא דתלמודא?
the compilar and editor of the gemara who's words are usually in aramaic
What is the difference between a sugyah and a memra?
a sugya is a series or seqence of memrot and a memra is just one amoraic statement
how many generations of amoraim were there in babylonia and israel? and why?
8 in babylonia and 5 in israel

the jews were exiled to babylonia
what are the two tamlmuds?
תלמוד בבלי ותלמוד ירושלמי
what is a ברייתא?
tannaic teachings that weren't recorded in the mishnah
whar is a תוספתא?
a compiliation of many teachings not recorded in the mishnah
why would a memra be stated in aramaic?
it may be the original words of a dialogue, the original accounnt of a story or event, or some colloquial aramaic expression
what is the difference between a natural and edited sugyah?
in a natural sugyah, the amoraic memrot are found in their original context, meaing the amoraim quoted in them are from the same place and time period. the simplest form is in question and answer

edited- the amoraic memrot are arranged based on a later reaction
what is a סתמא ד גמרא
the compilar and editor of the gemara who's words are usually in aramaic
what kind of things does the סתמא ד גמרא quote?
he quotes both tannaic sources like mishnah and ברייתא and amoraic sources like memrot
why did the sanhedrin move to yavneh?
the 2nd beit hamikdash was destroyed
what even does the revadim mishnah discuss?
rosh hashanah falling out on shabbat
what question is discussed regarding the event in the revadim mishnah?
may one blow the shofar on rosh hashanah if it falls out on shabbat?
waht r the 6 tannaitic generations? when did tehy occur?
1. Second Temple Period-2 generations (ending in 70 CE)
2. Yavneh Period-2 generations (70-135 CE)
3. Galilee Period-2 generations (135-220 CE)