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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name of Weber 2003 paper
Theoretically speaking. MISQ
Name of Whetten 1989 paper
What constitutes a theoretical contribution? AMR
Name of Weick 1995 paper
What theory is not, theorizing is. ASQ
Name of Sutton & Straw paper
What theory is not. ASQ
Name of Orlikowski & Baroudi 1991 paper
Studying information technology in organizations: Research approaches and assumptions. ISR,
Name of Sutton & Rafaeli papers 1988, 1992
(1988). Untangling the relationship between displayed emotions and organizational sales: The case of convenience stores. AMJ
(1992). Journey 4: How we untangled the relationship between displayed emotion and organizational sales:
Name of Eisenhardt 1989 papers
Building theories from case study research. AMR

Making fast strategic decisions in high-velocity environments. AMJ
Name of Landauer & Prabhu book
Handbook of Human-Computer Interaction
Name of Gould, Boies, & Lewis 1991 paper
Making usable, useful, productivity-enhancing computer applications. CACM
Name of Siegel & Dray 2005 paper
Avoiding the next schism: Ethnography and usability. Interactions
Name of Gopal & Prasad 2000 paper
Understanding GDSS in symbolic context: Shifting the focus from technology to interaction. MISQ
4 lessons from Gopal & Prasad 2000 paper
1. uses interpretive methods to investigate contradictions in traditional GDSS
2. Three interviewers followed teachers in a GDSS session to collect data
3. authors report that emotional plesantness varies among GDSS users, may depend on social contecxt
4. authors conclude that interpretive/symbolic method is useful to future GDSS study
Method used in Hawthorne study
started as empirical and switched to ethnography
Name two examples of an ethnography study
Gopal & Prasad, GDSS, 2000 paper

Hawthorne study
3 lessons learned from Siegle & Dray 2005
1. usability is traditionally studied using lab experiments
2. ethnography recently attempts to study utility in field studies
3. combining both methods is better than either separate
3 lessons learned from Gould, Boies & Lewis 1991
1. traditional usability design includes the following:
+ early focus on users
+ integrated design with UI, help, training, docs
+ early and continued user testing
2. traditional design not used as often in practice as should be
3. calls for new technique, better design software, benchmarks
Lessons learned from LAndauer 1997 book on HCI
1. behavioral research is important in evaluating new software research
2. teams of behavioral researchers should conduct research, including marketing researchers
3. statistically significance is not important in evaluating new software, suggest odds-ratio instead.
Lessons learned from Mann Gulch Disaster study
1. example of case study that is unable to be replicated in the lab
2. firefighter managers said the findings were brilliant
Lessons learned from Eisenhardt's building theory from case study paper
1. Select research question
2. select theoretically useful cases
3. Craft instruments and protocols
4. collect data in field
5. analyze data
6. shape hypotheses
7. enfold literature, both supporting and nonsupporting
8. Reaching closure
Lessons learned from Eisenhardt's making fast decisions paper
1. example of case study
2. findings include:
+ fast decision makers use more information than do slow decision makers
+ fast decision makers generate more alternatives than slow decision makers
+ using knowledgeable consultants made decision faster
+ the greater use of active conflict resolution, the faster the strategic decision process
3. generally, fast decision making following these guidelines leads to superior performance
6 lessons from Alex Durcikova discussion
1. Be sensitive to subjects needs & management's shouldn't look bad.
2. Use the terms that th subjects company uses.
3. Administer survey in a consistent way
4. specify the domain of the construct
5. create 5-10 survey questions to investigate the construct
6. put similiar survey questions together with a simple paragraph introduction
lessons from Sutton & Ralaeli 1988, 1992 papers
1. data may not support your theory
2. qualitative research can be useful
3. demonstrates difficulty in getting published
lessons from Weber 2003 paper
1. Choose a phenomena
2. Articulate the phenomena
3. Articulate the constructs of a theory
4. Articulate the relationships between constructs in your theory
5. Articulate the boundaries or limits to where and under what conditions your theory applies.
lessons from Whetten 1989 paper
Contribution is demonstrated by adding value:

1. Adding or deleting an existing construct to an existing theory is not enough contribution
2. Adding or deleting constructs with an explanation that changes previous relationships or understanding of relationships is valuable contribution
3. How does modifying the constructs significantly alter our understanding of the phenomena
4. surprising results, with explanation that increases our understanding, is valuable contribution.
5. "New applications should improve the tool, not merely reaffirm its utility."
lessons from Sutton & Straw 1995 paper
Theory is not just the following:

1. Referencing previous theory to explain only what was done previously is not theory
2. Data is not theory
3. List of variables and constructs are not theory
4. Diagrams are not theory
5. Hypotheses are not theory

Good theory includes all the above, but answer the Why questions and establishes an explaination for cause and effect.
lesson from the Weick 1995 paper
"Most products that are labeled theories actually approximate theory."
The process of theorizing is valuable and should not be discounted.
List Creswell's four research paradigms
Pragmatism
Advocacy
Constructivism(Interpretivism)
Positivism
What is pragmatism
research method concerned with applications and solutions
what is advocacy
research method concerned with change and political agenda
what is constructivism
research where knowledge depends on one's interpretation of the world
what is positivism
research using traditional scientific method
define construct validity
answers if you are measuring what you claim to be measuring. e.g. you claim to measure anger but are really measuring aggression. A construct should be composed of multiple variable rather than just one variable.
define External validity
answers how generalizable the results are to people, places, times, or things outside the subject samples used in the study.
define Internal validity
the extent to which the treatment is the cause of the observed changes and not attributable to other possible causes
define Content validity
the degree to which items in an instrument reflect the content universe to which the instrument will be generalized.
define reliability
an indication of measurement accuracy, that is, the extent to which instrumentation produces consistent or error-free results.
3 lessons learned from Orlikowski & Baroudi 1991 paper
1. positivist approach is the predominant method in MIS
2. explored epistimology (how we come to know things)
3. Much can be gained if a plurality of research perspectives is effectively employed to investigate information systems phenomena