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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The mechanisms for assessing responsibility for decisions made and actions taken.
Accountability
Type of RSI in which pressure on the median nerve through the wrist's bony carpal tunnel structure produces pain.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
The commission of acts involving a computer that may not be illegal but are considered unethical.
Computer Abuse
The commission of illegal acts through the use of a computer or against a computer system.
Computer Crime
Eyestrain condition related to computer display screen use; symptoms include headaches, blurred vision, and dry and irritated eyes.
Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)
Tiny file deposited on a computer hard drive when an individual visits certain Web sites. Used to identify the visitor and track visits to the Web site.
Cookies
A statutory grant that protects creators of intellectual property against copying by others for any purpose for a minimum of 70 years.
Copyright
A principle that states that if an action cannot be taken repeatedly, then it is not right to be taken at any time.
Descartes' Rule of Change
Large disparities in access to computers and the Internet among different social groups and different locations.
Digital Divide
Adjusts copyright laws to the Internet Age by making it illegal to make, distribute, or use devices that circumvent technology-based protections of copy-righted materials.
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
A process in which laws are well-known and understood and there is an ability to appeal to higher authorities to ensure that laws are applied correctly.
Due Process
Assumption that all tangible and intangible objects are owned by someone else, unless there is a specific declaration otherwise, and that the creator wants compensation for this work.
Ethical "no free lunch" Rule
Principles of right and wrong that can be used by individuals acting as free moral agents to make choices to guide their behavior.
Ethics
A set of principles originally set forth in 1973 that governs the collection and use of information about individuals and forms the basis of most U.S. and European privacy laws.
Fair Information Practices (FIP)
Displaying the content of another Web site inside one's own Web site within a frame or a window.
Framing
A principle that states that if an action is not right for everyone to take it is not right for anyone.
Immanuel Kant's Categorical Imperative
The rights that individuals and organizations have with respect to information that pertains to themselves.
Information Rights
Consent given with knowledge of all the facts needed to make a rational decision.
Informed Consent
Intangible property created by individuals or corporations that is subject to protections under trade secret, copyright, and patent law.
Intellectual Property
The existence of laws that permit individuals to recover the damages done to them by other actors, systems, or organizations.
Liability
Technology that can find obscure hidden connections between people or other entities by analyzing information from many different sources to correlate relationships.
Nonobvious Relationship Awareness (NORA)
Model of informed consent permitting prohibiting an organization from collecting any personal information unless the individual specifically takes action to approve information collection and use.
Opt-In
Model of informed consent permitting the collection of personal information until the consumer specifically requests that the data not be collected.
Opt-Out
Industry standard designed to give users more control over personal information gathered on Web sites they visit. Stands for Platform for Privacy Preferences Project.
P3P
A legal document that grants the owner an exclusive monopoly on the ideas behind an invention for 17 years; designed to ensure that inventors of new machines or methods are rewarded for their labor while making widespread use of their inventions.
Patent
The claim of individuals to be left alone, free from surveillance or interference from other individuals, organizations, or the state.
Privacy
The use of computers to combine data from multiple sources and create electronic dossiers of detailed information on individuals.
Profiling
Occupational disease that occurs when muscle groups are forced through repetitive actions with high-impact loads or thousands of repetitions with low-impact loads.
Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI)
Accepting the potential costs, duties, and obligations for the decisions one makes.
Responsibility
Principle that one should take the action that produces the least harm or incurs the least cost.
Risk Aversion Principle
Private self-regulating policy and enforcement mechanism that meets the objectives of government regulations but does not involve government regulation or enforcement.
Safe Harbor
Unsolicited commercial e-mail.
Spam
Technology that aids in gathering information about a person or organization without their knowledge.
Spyware
Stress induced by computer use; symptoms include aggravation, hostility toward humans, impatience, and enervation.
Technostress
Any intellectual work or product used for a business purpose that can be classified as belonging to that business, provided it is not based on information in the public domain.
Trade Secret
Principle that assumes one can put values in rank order and understand the consequences of various courses of action.
Utilitarian Principle
Tiny graphic files embedded in e-mail messages and Web pages that are designed to monitor online Internet user behavior.
Web Bugs