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51 Cards in this Set

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Major dietary sources of calcium
dairy products, dark green vegetables, legumes
Major dietary sources of phosphorus
dairy products, meats, grains
Major dietary sources of sulfur
proteins from many sources
Major dietary sources of potassium
meats, dairy products, many fruits and vegetables, grains
Major dietary sources of chlorine
table salt
Major dietary sources of sodium
table salt
Major dietary sources of magnesium
whole grains, green leafy vegetables
Major dietary sources of iron
meats, eggs, legumes, whole grains, green leafy vegetables
Major dietary sources of fluorine
drinking water, tea, seafood
Major dietary sources of zinc
meats, seafoods, grains
Major dietary sources of copper
seafood, nuts, legumes, organ meats
Major dietary sources of manganese
nuts, grains, vegetables, fruits, tea
Major dietary sources of iodine
seafood, dairy products, iodized salt
Major dietary sources of cobalt
meats and dairy products
Major dietary sources of selenium
seafood, meats, whole grains
Major dietary sources of chromium
brewer's yeast, liver, seafood, meats, some vegetables
Major dietary sources of molybdenum
legumes, grains, some vegetables
Major body functions of calcium
bone and tooth formation, blood clotting, nerve and muscle function
Major body functions of phosphorus
bone and tooth formation, acid-base balance, nucleotide synthesis
Major body functions of sulfur
component of certain amino acids
Major body functions of potassium
acid-base balance, water balance, nerve function
Major body functions of chlorine
acid-base balance, formation of gastric juice, nerve function, osmotic balance
Major body functions of sodium
acid-base balance, water balance, nerve function
Major body functions of magnesium
cofactor; ATP bioenergetics
Major body functions of iron
component of hemoglobin and of electron-carriers in energy metabolism; enzyme cofactor
Major body functions of fluorine
maintenance of tooth (and probably bone) structure
Major body functions of zinc
component of certain digestive enzymes and other proteins
Major body functions of copper
enzyme cofactor in iron metabolism, melanin synthesis, electron transport
Major body functions of manganese
enzyme cofactor
Major body functions of iodine
component of thyroid hormones
Major body functions of cobalt
component of vitamin B12
Major body functions of selenium
enzyme cofactor; antioxidant functioning in close association with vitamin E
Major body functions of chromium
involved in glucose and energy metabolism
Major body functions of molybdenum
enzyme cofactor
Symptoms of deficiency of calcium
retarded growth, possibly loss of bone mass
Symptoms of deficiency of phosphorus
weakness, loss of minerals from bone, calcium loss
Symptoms of deficiency of sulfur
symptoms of protein deficiency
Symptoms of deficiency of potassium
muscular weakness, paralysis, nausea, heart failure
Symptoms of deficiency of chlorine
muscle cramps, reduced appetite
Symptoms of deficiency of sodium
muscle cramps, reduced appetite
Symptoms of deficiency of magnesium
nervous system disturbences
Symptoms of deficiency of iron
iron-deficiency anemia, weakness, impaired immunity
Symptoms of deficiency of fluorine
higher frequency of tooth decay
Symptoms of deficiency of zinc
growth failure, scaly skin inflammation, reproductive failure, impaired immunity
Symptoms of deficiency of copper
anemia, bone and cardiovascular changes
Symptoms of deficiency of manganese
abnormal bone and cartilage
Symptoms of deficiency of iodine
Goiter (enlarged thyroid)
Symptoms of deficiency of cobalt
none, except as B12 deficiency
Symptoms of deficiency of selenium
muscle pain, possibly heart muscle deterioration
Symptoms of deficiency of chromium
impaired glucose metabolism
Symptoms of deficiency of molybdenum
disorder in excretion of nitrogen-containing compounds