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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Minerals found in animal tissues are ________.
Present in higher concentrations and are more bioavailable than those found in plant foods.
What are minerals?
Minerals are inorganic elements the body uses to regulate chemical reactions and form body structures.
What is the difference between major minerals and trace minerals?
Major minerals are present in the body in large amounts and are required in large amounts in the diet. Trace minerals are the opposite.
What is bioavailability?
The actual amount of a nutrient that is absorbed and used by the body.
Calcium - what increases and what decreases absorption?
Increases = vit D, estrogen
Decreases = oxalate, phytate, menopause.
Function of Calcium?
bone formation, teeth formation, blood clotting.
Recommendation of calcium?
1200 mg/day but AI is 700mg/day
Two categories of iron?
Heme: best absorbed in animal foods.
Nonheme: in plant foods
Iron - what increases and what decreases absorption?
Increases = consuming heme and nonheme together
Decreases = fibre, phytates and oxalates, tannins
Function of Iodine?
Essential for function of the brain and nervous system.