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5 Cards in this Set

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What is concept of the Chinese Room?
The Chinese Room is a metaphor of how computers do not really understand the things that they are able to tell use, such as how computers really do not know the conecpt of 3x3=9. Say you are in a room and are asked to communicate with people completely in chinese. While you are in the room, people outside the room give you directions of how to write in Chinese. The instuctions told you what the symbols looked like and how to make the strokes, but did not tell you what the symbols meant. So while you are able to write the Chinese symbols and communicate with the people outside of the room completely in Chinese, you still are not understanding what the symbols mean. Just like computers do not understand what the number "3" and the symbol "x" means, they are able to tell you that 3x3=9.
What are the three propositions to the theory that says minds just are computer programs of certain kinds?
1. Minds are just very complex digital computer programs. Mental states = computer states, mental processes = computer processes.
2. Our minds happen to be embodied by our brains, but there is no essential connection between the mind and the brain.
3. The Turning Test: If a system can convince a competent expert that it has mental states then it really has mental states.
Is strong AI plausible?
Strong AI is AI that seems to have a mind. An example of this is a computer that is able to listen to and respond to a Chinese person in the Chinese language. Since the computer can actually have a conversation with a person in complete Chinese, does the computer understand what it is doing? The computer is just conversing the way it was programmed to. It manipulates zero and one symbols to be able to appear to have a mind. But the computer attaches no meaning, interpretation, or content to the formal symbols; and a computer couldn't because if we tried to give the computer an interpretation of its symbols we can only give it more uninterpreted symbols.
What is one mistake that people make when discussing advanced AI?
One mistake people may make with advanced AI is that somehow computer achievements pose as a threat to human beings. But the truth is that a calculator that outperforms the best mathematicians is no more significant then a steam shovel that outperforms the best human digger.
What is another mistake that people make when discussing advanced AI?
Another mistake is the idea that there might be some special human experience beyond computer simulation because of its special humanity. Computers can easily be programmed to simulate human emotions such as love or depression, but the real mistake is to confuse simulation with duplication (and that mistake is the same regardless of what mental states we are talking about).