Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/530

Click to flip

530 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abdicate
to denounce; to discard; to abandon
abberation
something not typical; a deviation
abhorrence
repugnance; detestation
abjure
to renounce upon oath
abnegation
self-denial
abrogate
to break, as a treaty or law
abscond
to depart secretly; to hide(oneself)
absolve
to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt
abstain
to refrain deliberately from an action or practice
abstemious
sparing or moderate, especially in eating or drinking
abstruse
hard to understand or grasp; esoteric
abut
to border on; to terminate at the boundary or point of contact
abysmal
immeasurable; bottomless
accolade
an award or honor; high praise
acquiesce
to agree silently; to accept tacitly
acrophobia
the fear of heights
acumen
keenness
adamant
unyielding; stubborn
addle
to throw into confusion; to confound
adjure
to command solemnly; to advise earnestly; to beg
adulation
excessive praise
adumbrate
to intimate or foreshadow; to obscure
aestivate
to spend the summer in an inactive state
agglomeration
a collection in a mass, heap, or cluster
agoraphobia
fear of open spaces
alacrity
liveliness or eagerness; readiness
allegory
a symbolic or expression or description
allusion
an indirect reference to something else, hint
alms
charity; something given to the poor
alpinism
mountain climbing
altrusitic
unselfish; concerned with welfare of others
ambergis
a product of sperm whales used to manufacture perfume
amphora
an ancient two handled Greek jar
anathema
a ban or curse; a denunciation accompanied by excommunication
andiron
a metal support used for holding logs in a hearth
androphobia
the fear of men
anneal
to toughen or strenthen
anodyne
a pain reliever
anomaly
an abberration; a deviation; an irregularity
antipathy
firm dislike; hatred
antithesis
the direct opposite
aphelion
the point in a planet's orbit that is farthest from the sun
apocalyptic
of or relating to, a revelation or discovery
apogee
the point in a satellite's orbit that is farthest from the center of the earth
aquiline
hooked
archon
the chief magistrate in ancient Athens; any ruler
arid
dull; unimaginative; extremely dry
arrogate
to claim or seize without justification
artifice
cleverness; ingenuity
assiduous
diligent
assuage
to ease the intensity of; to appease
astraphobia
fear of lightning
atrophy
a wasting away
attentuate
to lessen in amount
austral
southern
axiom
self-evident rule or truth
baleful
menancing; harmful
balmy
mild
banal
trite; commonplace
bellicose
inclined to start wars or fights
bibliophile
one who loves books
bifurcate
divided in two branches
blighted
withered or rotten; destroyed
blite
happy; merry; cheerful
bombastic
pompous; overblown; turgid
boreal
northern
broach
to make known for the first time; to open up a subject for discussion
bromidic
lacking originality
brontophobia
fear of thunder
brook
to bear or tolerate
brusque
abrupt or short in manner or speech
buccal
pertaining to the cheeks or sides of the mouth
bucolic
pastoral; relating to rural life
buffoon
a clown or ludricous figure
bulbous
rotund; round like a bulb
bumptious
aggressive and assertive in an offensive way
burnish
to make shiny or lustrous
burnoose
a hooded Arabic cloak
cassock
a loose robe worn by priests
cabal
group united to plot, like to overthrow of authority
cache
a hiding place
cacophony
a harsh sounding mixture of words, voices or sounds
caduceus
the emblem of the medical profession
cajole
to persuade a reluctant person to do something; to coax
calumny
a lie told to damage another's reputation; slander
canonical
orthodox; authoritative
capitulate
to cease resisting; to surrender
capricious
unpredictable
captious
critical; fault finding
carp
to complain
catharsis
purificaiton of emotions
caustic
acrid; biting
cavil
to raise trivial objections; to nitpick
cerulean
resembling the blue of the sky
chaff
waste material from the threshing of wheat
chicanery
trickery; artful deception
chimerical
fantastically visionary; wildly fanciful
choleric
easily angered; or irritated
Cimmerian
shrouded in gloom and darkness
circumlocution
wordy or evasive language
circumspect
considering all options, cautious
clandestine
surrpeptitious; secret
cloy
satiate
coalesce
to group together; to unite into a whole
coda
a passage that concludes a musical or literary work
cogent
pertinent; compelling
colloquial
of or relating to conversation
collusion
a secret agreement
compulsion
an impulse to perform an irrational act
contumacious
rebellious; stubbornly disobedient; renegade
conundrum
a puzzle or riddle
cooper
a maker of casks or barrels
cowl
a hood, cover for an engine
croupier
a collector and payer of bets at a casino
cynophobia
fear of dogs
cynosure
center of interest
dauntless
fearless
debacle
a violent breakdown; a sudden overthrow
debauchery
wild living; corruption by sensuality
declaim
to make a bombastic speech
decorous
proper; in good taste
defalcate
to embezzle; to abscond with money
deleterious
harmful
delineate
to describe; to portray; to sketch
deliquesce
to melt away or dissolve
delusion
deception
demur
to object; to take exception
denouncement
unfolding or outcome of a series of events
denounce
strong disapproval
depraved
morally corrupt
deprecate
to play down; to belittle
desiccate
to dry out
despot
a ruler with absolute power
desultory
lacking plan, regularity, or purpose
diametric
completely opposed; at opposite extremes
diaphanous
sheer; extremely delicate
diatribe
a bitter denunciation
dichotomy
division, into two contradictory groups
didactic
intended to teach, moralize, or preach
diffident
shy; lacking in self confidence
dilatory
tending to cause delay
dilettante
one who is involved in a variety of things, none of them seriously; dabbler
dimunution
a decrease; a lessening
dint
a force or a power
disavow
to deny
discourse
to converse; discuss formally
disingenuous
lacking in cando
dissemble
to feign or pretend
dbjellabah
a loose-fitting gown worn in North America
doctrinaire
dogmatic
doggerel
comic; loose verse
dolt
stupid person
doughty
fearless; valiant
draconian
severe; cruel
dray
a vehicle used to haul goods
duplicity
concealment of one's true intentions by misleading words or actions; deceptions
ebullient
lively; enthusiastic
ecumenical
having to do with a body of churches
edification
instruction; improvement; enlightenment
efface
to make indistinct by wearing away
effete
exhausted; wornout
effluvium
a disagreeable or noxious vapor
effusive
overflowing; very demonstrative
egregious
conspicuously bad
egress
exit; to go out from
elan
dash; vigorous spirit
elegy
a lament for the dead
elucidate
to shed light upon; to make clear
emanate
to send out; to emit
eminent
prominent; famous
endue
to provide; to endow
enervate
to exhaust, weaken, or unnerve
engender
to bring into being
enigma
a baffling situation; something that is hard to explain
ephemeral
lasting a short time
epiphany
a sudden and often devine, enlightenment or realization
epitome
a typical or ideal example
equivocal
ambiguous; deliberately confusing
eschew
to avoid
eupehmism
the substitution of a positive expression for something that may be interpreted as a negative or distateful
evanscent
fleeting; hardly visible
exculpate
to exonerate; to clear of guilt or blame
exigent
urgent; requiring prompt action
explicate
to explain
expunge
to strike out; to obliterate or erase
facetious
artificial; sham
fagoting
a type of embroidery
fallacious
erroneous; deceiving; misleading
fallible
capable of making a mistake or error
fastidious
hard to please
fatuous
silly; inane
fealty
allegiance
feckless
worthless; feeble
fecund
fruitful; fertile
fervid
very hot, intense in feeling or emotion
fitful
irregular; spasmodic
flag
to weaken; to slow down
flagon
a flask with a handle & lid
foible
a minor flaw or shortcoming in character
foment
to instigate, incite; or arouse
foray
to ravage for spoils; to pillage
forbear
an ancestor or forefather
fortuitous
happening by chance; unplanned
fraught
laden; charged
frenetic
frantic; frenzied
froward
habitually disobedient; not willing to compromise
fugacious
disappearing after a short time; short lived
fulminate
to denounce; to explode
fulsome
abundant, copious
furtive
shy; shifty
gainsay
to deny, to contradict
galvanize
to stimulate or excite
gamut
the entire range
garner
to collect; accumulate
garrote
to strangle and rob
garrulous
wordy, extremely talkative
gauche
lacking social grace; crude
gaunt
excessively thin; lean
genuflect
to gow down on one's knee
germane
closely related; relevant
glabrous
smooth, referring to a surface without hair or projections
goad
to urge
gorgon
one of 3 snake-haired sisters whose glance turned the beholder into stone
goumand
one who eats or drinks excessively; glutton
gratuitous
not required by the circumstances; unwarranted; unnecessary
griffin
a mythical animal having the head and wings of an eagle and the body and legs of a lion
guffaw
a loud, boisterous burst of laughter
guile
deceitful cunning; cleverness
hackneyed
overused;trite; commonplace
haiku
Japanses poem with 3 lines
halcyon
peaceful; tranquil
harangue
a ranting speech without much real meaning
harbinger
someone or something that foreshadows what is to come
Hellene
a native inhabitatant of Greece
heretic
one who goes against an established religion or belief
herpetophobia
fear of snakes
hirsute
hairy
hoary
gray or white with age
homily
an inspirational discourse or a sermon
homophones
words that sound alike but have different meanings
hyaline
transparent or almost so; glassy
hydroponics
growing plants in liquid nutrients
hyperbole
an exaggeration
hypertrophy
an exaggerated increase or complexity
idyllic
carefree and lighthearted; peaceful
igneous
referring to rock formed from molten magma
ignominous
infamous; despicable
imbue
to permeate or influence
immiscible
incapable of being mixed
immutable
not susceptible to change
impecunious
having little or not money
impolitic
unwise; injudicious
imprecate
to curse
improvident
not providing for the future; careless
impugn
attack, esp. as false or lacking integrity
inanition
loss of viatality from lack of food or water
incarnadine
blood red
inchoate
beginning; insipient
incipient
just beginning; in the early stages
incisive
keen; direct; decisive
incommodious
troublesome; inconvenient
incongrous
not like others in a group; out of place
incorrigible
unruly; deliquent
inculcate
to teach and impress by repitition
indigent
impoverished
ineluctable
inescapable; inevitable
immical
hostile; unfriendly
iniquitous
vicious; wicked
intractable
hard to manage; unruly
inure
to accustomer to accept something undesirable
invective
insulting or abusive language
invidious
offensive; obnoxious
irascible
easily angered; malevolent
jalousie
a type of blind or shutter having adjustable slats or louvers
jejune
immature; juvenile
jenny
a female donkey
jettison
to sacrifice cargo to lighten a ship or vehicle
jocose
humerous; witty
jocular
habitually happy or cheerful
jocund
gay/cheerful
junta
a political group ro commitee
juxtapose
to place right next to something
kindle
to activate or inspire
knave
a sly, deceitful man or boy
laconic
concise
lambent
flickering, softly bright or radiant
lampoon
harsh, satirical writing
lascivious
lewd, lustful
lassitude
fatigue; weariness
levity
lightness; lack of seriousness
libertine
a person not restrained by convention or morality
ligneoud
woodlike
limpid
clear and simple in style
littoral
relating to the shore or coastal region
loggia
a roofed, open gallery, like a porch
loquacious
talkative
lurid
gruesome; shocking
malefactor
an evil-doer; a criminal
martinet
a strict disciplinarian
maudlin
foolishly sentimental or morose
maverick
a rebel; nonconformist
megalomaniac
one who exhibits delusions of omnipotence or grandeur
mercurial
quickly changing; inconstant
meretricious
attractive only on the surface; superficial
miasma
a depleting or corrupting influence or atmosphere
miscreant
a heretic; a villain; one who commits illegal acts
misogynistic
characterized by hatred of women
moot
questionable; debatable
mordant
biting in manner or style; incisive
munificent
lavish; generous; liberal
nadir
the lowest point; a point in the sky opposite the zenith
naiad
a water nymph
napery
table linens
necromancy
magic; witchcraft
necrophobia
fear of death
nefarious
wicked; vile
nexus
a connection or link
niggardly
stingy
noisome
offensive; harmful
nomenclature
a standardized system of symbols for a particular subject
nonfeasance
failure to perfom an act that should have been completed
nuance
a subtle distinction, variation, or quality
nugatory
inconsequential; trifling
numismatist
one who studies and collects coins and tokens
nuncupative
not written; oral
nyctophobia
fear of darkness
obdurate
persistent; unyielding
obfuscate
to confuse
objurgate
to denounce harshly
obloquy
abusive language; bad repute
obscurant
tending to make obscure
obsequious
obedient; subservient
obtrude
to force oneself or one's ideas on another without request
ochlophobia
fear of crowds
officious
meddling; interfering
omnipotent
all-powerful
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds convey their meangings
onus
a burden; an obligation
ophidiophobia
fear of snakes
ornithophobia
fear of birds
ossify
to become hard as bone
ostentatious
showy; prententious
palindrome
a word, sentence, or number that reads the same backward and forward
palliate
to cover up with excuses
panegyric
high praise; a tribute
paradigm
an example; a pattern
paradox
something true that appears to be false
pariah
an outcast
parry
to ward off; escape by dodging
parsimony
the quality of being careful with money
parvenu
one recently risen to an unacustomed position and not yet possessing the requisite dignity or characteristics
paucity
a small amount; a scarcity
penultimate
next to last
perfidious
faithless; disloyal
paeripatetic
wandering; itinerant
petulant
ill-tempered; irritable
philatelist
one who studies and collects stamps
piscatorial
of or relating to fish
platitude
the state of being dull, banal
polemic
strong argument in refutation of another
poltroon
A coward
potlatch
(1)a ceremonial feast with gifts, of northwest coast Indians; (2)a festival or celebration
precipitous
steep
precocious
exhibiting maturity at an early age
prescience
the anticipation of upcoming events; foresight
prevaricate
to deviate from the truth; to lie
probity
honesty; uprightness; rectitude
profusion
a great amount; an abundance
prognosticate
to forecast; to prophesy
propinquity
closeness; proximity
proxy
a person authorized to act for another
pseudonym
a ficticious or pen name
surname
(1) a family name; (2) an added name or nickman
puce
dark red
puerile
childish; juvenile
pundit
an expert; an authority; a critic; a savant
purloin
to steal
purview
a range of authority, competence, or responsibility; scope
pusillanimous
cowardly; fearful
Pyrrhic
usually referring to a victory won at excessively high cost
quaff
to drink heartily
quagmire
a bog; a difficult or entrapping situtation; a predicament
qualm
(1)a sudden oneset of illness, especially of nausea; (2)a feeling of unease about a point of conscience
quandry
a state of confusion or doubt
quell
to suppress
querulous
complaining; whining
quintessence
the essence of something in its most concentrated form; the purest representative from a certain category
quisling
a traitor [derived from Vidkum Quisling, a Norwegian who colloborated with the Nazis during World War II]
quittance
a release from debt or obligation
quoixotic
foolishly impractical and idealistic; capricious
quizzical
(1)eccentric; odd; (2)inquisitive; questioning
quondam
former; sometime
quorum
the minimum number of a group that must be present to conduct business legally
quotidian
daily
rancorous
with ill-will; with enmity(antonym:benevolent)
raze
to demolish completely; to destroy
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of autority; resistant
recidivism
repeated relapse, as in tendency to repeat criminal activity
reciprocal
(1)mutual; shared; common; (2)inversely related
recondite
obscure; concealed; incomprehensible; esoteric
recumbent
lying down; leaning; resting
recusant
marked by refusal to obey authority
redolent
having a pleasing scent; fragrant
refurbish
to freshen or make new; to renovate
relegate
to assign to a place of insignificance; to banish
relume
to light or light again; to rekindle; to reestablish
remonstrate
to object; to protest
reprehend
to voice disapproval of
reprobate
a villain; an immoral person
repugnant
distasteful; abhorrent; obnoxious (antonym:congenial)
rescind
to take away; to remove
resilient
able to recover easily from hardship or misfortune; flexible
revile
to use abusive speech; to rail; to scold
ribald
rude or offensive; indecent
rookery
a breeding place amount rocks for mammals(e.g. seals( or birds
roseate
overoptimistic; cheerful
rotund
round; plumb; chubby
ruminate
to reflect on something; to ponder
saboteur
one who willfully hinders, though destruction or obstruction, industrial production or a nation's war effort
fifth column
supporters of an enemy that engage in sabotage withing defense lines or national boundaries
sagacious
wise; astute; perspicacious
salubriuos
healthy; promoting well-being; salutary (antonynm:deleterious)
sanctimonious
(1)devout; holy; (2)hypocritically devout or holy
sanction
to authorize or approve
sanguine
hopeful
sardonic
disdainful; sarcastic
satiric
using ridicule or sarcasm to convey criticism; lampooning
saturnine
gloomy; sullen; morose
savant
one with detailed knowledge in a specialized field
virtuoso
one who is highly skilled in the practice of an art, especially music.
scintilla
a minute trace or jot; an iota
tittle
a particle
sectarian
of or relating to a sect or smaller group within a larger group that adopts only certain beliefs; narrow-minded
sequester
(1)to set apart from others; to segregate; (2)to confiscate
sidereal
related to the stars; astral
sophmoric
(literally "wise fool") believing in one's level of knowledge and maturity to be higher then it actually is
soporific
marked by, or causing, sleepiness or lethargy; drowsy
sordid
wretched; vile; foul
spleunker
one who studies and explores caves as a hobby
splenetic
hot-tempered; easily angered
spurious
false; forged; counterfeit
staid
sedate; serious; grave
sterile
unimaginative; unfruitful; bare (antonym: fecund, fertile)
spurious
false; forged; counterfeit
stolid
dull; unemotional; immovable
staid
sedate; serious; grave
stoma, stomata
a minute opening in outside surface of a plant (eg a leaf) for the passage of gases
sterile
unimaginative; unfruitful; bare (antonym: fecund, fertile)
striated
referring to muscle with alternate light and dark bands as opposed to smooth muscle
stolid
dull; unemotional; immovable
strident
loud; harsh; grating
stoma, stomata
a minute opening in outside surface of a plant (eg a leaf) for the passage of gases
superflouus
more then necessary; extra
striated
referring to muscle with alternate light and dark bands as opposed to smooth muscle
surmise
to imagine; to make inferences based on insufficient evidence
strident
loud; harsh; grating
superflouus
more then necessary; extra
sureeptitious
secret; covert (antonym: brazen; overt)
surmise
to imagine; to make inferences based on insufficient evidence
surreptitious
secret; covert (antonym: brazen; overt)
sybaritic
voluptuous; sensual
sycophant
servile flatterer; parasite
synthesis
the combination of parts to form a whole or a thesis and antithesis to form a higher truth
tacit
unspoken; implied (antonym:explicit)
taciturn
silent; having little inclination to talk (antonym:garrulous)
tactile
perceptible by touch; tangible
tangential
touching only the edge; marginally relevant
tawdry
appearing gaudy or cheap
temerity
audacity; effrontery; boldness (antonym:caution)
temporal
referring to time as opposed to eternity; secular
tenet
a doctrine upheld by members of an organization
tepid
moderately warm; lukewarm
termangant
a shrew; a nagging woman, as Xanthippe (Socrates's wife);a virago; an ogress; a harpy
terrestrial
having to do with the Earth
terse
(1)polished; refined; (2)short and to the point; concise
timbre
the quality of a sound or ton, distinctive of a particular voice or instrument
timorous
fearful; timid (antonym:intrepid)
tirade
a long, intemperate speech; diatribe
torpid
dormant; lacking energy; lethargic; apathetic; dull
vapid
lacking vitality; flat; uninteresting
torrid
oppressively hot
tort
a civil wrong for which the injured party is entitled to compensation
tractable
docile; malleable; obdedient (antonym:unruly)
transient
lasting only a short time; changing; ephemeral; transitory
triskaidekaphobia
fear of the number 13
truculent
cruel; brutal; belligerent
turbid
muddy
turpitude
baseness; corruption; depravity
umbrage
(1)a feeling of offense or annoyance; (2)a shadow; a hint; a suspicion
unctuous
oily; smug; suave
undulate
to move in wavelike motions; to fluctuate
unduly
excessively
unequivocal
clear; obvious; certain
ungainly
hard to handle; unwieldly; clumsy
ungulate
hooflike; referring to hoofed animals
urbane
polished; polite or finished in manner
utopian
referring to paradise or an impossible ideal
uxoricide
murder of ones wife
vacillate
to waver; to fluctuate; to oscillate
vacuous
stupid; lacking intelligence
vagrancy
the state of being homeless
vapid
insipid; spiritless
venal
corruptible
venerate
to honor
venial
forgiveable
verbose
wordy
viable
(1)capable of living; (2) able to stand or develop independently
vicarious
experienced through another medium; experienced through imaginary participation in the events of another's life
vilify
to slander; to verbally abuse; to defame
virago
a loud, overbearing woman;a termangant
viscous
thick; having a gummy consistency
vitriolic
caustic; biting
vivparous
producing living young, as most mammals, some reptiles and a few fishes
volatile
easily aroused; explosive
volition
choice or decision; will
voracious
ravenous; gluttonous; insatiable
vulpine
foxlike; crafty
wan
pale; sickly
wanton
flirtatious; lascivious
whet
to stimulate; to incite; to make more intense
wizened
shrunken and wrikled with age
wright
a worker, especially in wood;
wroth
intensely angry; incensed
xanthis
yellowish
xenophobia
fear of strangers
yean
to give birth, used of sheep or goats
yore
time long past
yowl
to cry out loudly; to wail
zealot
one who is enthusiastic, somtimes fanatical about a cause
zenith
(1) the highest point; (2) the highest point reached by a celestial body (antonym;nadir)