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18 Cards in this Set

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Louisbourg
french fort, on cape Breton island, built in order to guard the mouth of the st. Lawrence river, captured by NE colonists in 1745 in hopes that its capture would lead to the obliteration of new france. named it Havre Louisbourg after the king.
Lorg George Germain
was a British soldier and politician who was Secretary of State for America in Lord North's cabinet during the American War of Independence. His ministry received much of the blame for Britain's loss of thirteen American colonies, both a politician and military leader, organized the loyalist militias.
Cowpens
-(January 17, 1781) was a decisive victory by American Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, augmented by the militia in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British. Lost 90 percent of their fighting force, clearest American battlefield victory of the war. Initial line fired, retreated to a second reinforced line, decimated the british
West point
point of advantage strategically george washington believed it was the most important strategic pt. revolutionary war, commanding plateau on the west bank of the hudson river, washington personally selected a war hero from saratoga to design fortification of WB in 1778, moved HQ there in 1779, never captured by british despite benedict arnolds treason, oldest militarily occupied post in america. Became military academy in 1802.
Nathanael Greene
(August 7, 1742 – June 19, 1786) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. When the war began, Greene was a militia private, the lowest rank possible; he emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer. Quartermaster general under Washington, strategy was not to win but simply not to lose the war.
Antoine-Henri, Jomini
(March 6, 1779–March 24, 1869) was a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one of the most celebrated writers on the Napoleonic art of war. According to the historian John Shy, Jomini "deserves the dubious title of founder of modern strategy. Views diametrically opposed to Clausewitz, dominated theory of American war until Clausewitz was recognized. and he advocated the employment of speed and maneuver rather than battle whenever possible.
Treaty of aix-la-chapelle
england would return Louisbourg to france. Pg 36 Common defense, colonists felt betrayed.
Colonial militia
held as one of the colonists most important institutions, each man could be called to defend his country as needed, theoretically eliminated the need for a standing army. Patrolled against slave insurrections, sometimes unreliable and would sometimes run off in the heat of battle.
Battle of Saratoga
generally regarded as a turning point in the war. The battles were fought eighteen days apart on the same ground, nine miles south of Saratoga, New York. (September 19 and October 7, 1777) conclusively decided the fate of British General John Burgoyne's army in the American Revolutionary War, turning point, represents a signal victory, brings in the French, leads to the first major treaty of America. Hudson river, horatio gates
Battle of New Orleans
was a prolonged battle which took place around New Orleans, , and was the final major battle of the War of 1812, American forces, commanded by General Andrew Jackson, defeated an invading attempting to get the land gained from the Louisiana purchase. The Treaty of Ghent had been signed on 24 December 1814, but news of the peace would not reach the combatants until February. The battle is often regarded as the greatest American land victory of the war. 2k british casualties, 13 american casualties
Seminole wars
three conflicts in Florida between various groups of Native Americans, collectively known as Seminoles, and the United States. lasted longer than any other war involving the United States between the American Revolution and the Vietnam War. Florida Georgia border, Andrew Jackson, pissed off spain for entering florida. Did not do well against Indians guerilla tactics.
Battle Of Chapultepec
-(august 1847) was a U.S. victory over Mexican forces holding Chapultepec Castle west of Mexico City during the Mexican-American War. Scott did not press his advantage over the Mexicans but rather took refuge in an armistice and allowed the Mexicans to regroup and retaliate.
Jeffrey Amherst
served as an officer in the British Army and as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces. Amherst is best known as one of the victors of the French and Indian War, when he conquered Louisbourg, Quebec City and Montreal. Governor General of British North America from 1760 to 1763.
Militia Act of 1792
was a series of statutes enacted by the second United States Congress in 1792. The act provided for the organization of state militias under the command of the President of the United States. Mandated that american white males 18-45 register for service, equip themselves with a musket or flintlock, bayonet, belt and 24 cartridges, exemptions for vice president, houses of congress. 75k 3 month militia, called for 42k 3 year volunteers. Began the military tradition that citizens owed military service even during peacetime.
Henry Knox
chief artillery officer of the Continental Army and later the nation's first Secretary of War. Boston Grenadier Corps in 1772. Colonel Knox was in charge of Washington's crossing of the Delaware River. The Continental Congress made Knox Secretary at War under the Articles of Confederation on March 8, 1785. He held that position without interruption until September 12, 1789, when he assumed the same duties as the Secretary of War in Washington's first Cabinet. implementation of the Militia Act of 1792. Conquest theory-allied the Indians with the British, we beat you guys now give us your land. failed expedition along the Wabash rivers in 1790.
Black Hawk War
april 1832, indian war chief and his british band fought against the united states army and the militia for posession of the area in present day Wisconsin. Mostly minor battles and skirmishes, cholera epidemic severely reduced the manpower of the white amercian forces. Decisive militia victory at the battle of bad axe in august 1832. Native american war leaders imprisoned, lincoln and jefferson davis were able to boost their political careers as a result of involvement in the war. Tried to surrender 3 times when they realized they didn’t have assistance they had expected from other native amercian tribes and the british in the area, slaughtered, men women and children.
Carl von Clausewitz
was a Prussian soldier, military historian and military theorist/phil. He is most notable for his military treatise Vom Kriege , translated into English as On War. Other soldiers before this time had written treatises on various military subjects, but none undertook a great philosophical examination of war on the scale of Clausewitz's and Tolstoy's, both of which were inspired by the events of the Napoleonic Era. Clausewitz integrates politics and social and economic issues as some of the most important factors in deciding the outcomes of a war. It is one of the most important treatises on strategy ever written, and is prescribed at various military academies to this day.
Dennis Hart Mahan
April 2, 1802 – September 16, 1871) was a noted American military theorist and professor at the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1824-1871. As a teacher of military science at West Point, in addition to engineering methodology, Mahan promoted the development of professionalism and wrote extensively on fixed fortifications, field fortifications, strategy and tactics. Virtually all 19th century American engineering schools were started with West Point-educated faculty or adopted its texts. Viewed war as both an art and a science.