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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An integrated circuit embodies what type of technology?
solid state
The tiny piece of silicon that houses millions of microminiature electronic circuits is called a what?
chip
The two digits used in the binary system are...?
0 and 1
A shelf or opening in a computer used for the installation of electronic equipment is called a...what?
bay
The device that converts AC to DC to run the computer is called...what?
power supply
One million ticks of the system closck per second is called?
megahertz
High speed storage areas that temporarily store data during processing are called, what?
registers
A byte represents how many characters?
1
The CPU is made up of what two parts?
control unit and ALU
A ____ is a non-centralized network consisting of several devices that can communicate w/each other.
distributed system
What feature automatically configures a new hardware component on a computer?
plug and play
Specialized software that allows input and output devices to communicate w/the computer system are called what?
device drivers
What is a device that produces digitized sounds such as beeps, chirps, and music called?
audio output device
Which of the following does NOT convert images into digital form:
digital camera, bar code reader, digitizer or scanner?
bar code reader
The basic operations of a computer are managed by what?
operating system
What is the process of loading an operating system into a comp.'s main memory referred to as?
booting
Which of the following is NOT performed by mult. users?
time sharing
muliprogramming
multiprocessing
multitasking?
multitasking
What software locates scattered files and reorganizes them on the hard disk?
defragmenter
What kind of software enables a programmer to download sofware from the Internet for free and then makes non copyrighted modifications to it?
open source
Which of the following is an operating system, by Microsoft, for personal video players?
Windows 2000
Windows NT
CE.NET
Linux?
CE.NET
What technology provides weather information, text messages, and other data controlled, through wireless connections, to a users PC?
SMART
What software is used to perform work on general purpose tasks?
application software
Programs that are stored permanently in a computer's electronic circuitry are stored in what?
ROM
Specialized software that allows input and output devices to communicate w/the computer system are called, what?
device drivers
What is a device that produces digitized sounds such as beeps, chirps, and music called?
audio output device
The # of times per second that pixels are recharged is called what?
refresh rate
What is the image sharpness of a display screen called?
resolution
Which of the following does NOT convert images into digital form?
digital camera
bar code reader
digitizer
scanner?
bar code reader
Is the operating system part of the system software?
yes
How many characters is a gigabyte?
1 billion
The processor chip, commonly called the ___ or a ____, is a tiny piece of silicon that contains millions of miniature electronic devices.
CPU & processor
The first programmable computer in the USA, which appeared in 1946, was called what?
ENIAC- Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator
Embedded computers, or ____, are installed in "smart" appliances and automobiles.
microcontroller
Todays data transmission speeds are measured in ___, kbps, and _____.
bps, Mbps (bits per second)
What connects a pc to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection?
cable modem
A space station that transmits data as microwaves is what?
communications satellite
A computer w/a domain name is called what?
website
A(n) ____ is a software that enables users to view web pages and to jump from one pate to another.
web browser